Found in: The history of Cumberland and Adams Counties. SC 974. 843.
The value of land, fences and buildings in Cumberland County was $19,776,980 in the census of 1880. The value of of farming implements and machinery according to the census was $727,411. Also, the estimated number of farm products sold for the year of 1879 was $2,509,572. The book did not have an exact number for 1876, but I can assume that the number of products sold was similar to that of 1879.

The value of orchard products in the 1880 census was $46,554 for Cumberland County. The number of manufacturing establishments was 308. Furthermore, the amount of capital invested in these businesses was $2,266,409. This means that $7334.6 was invested on average into each establishment. The total number of workers in the manufacturing businesses was 1,892. The total number of wages paid to these workers was $535,068. Thus, each worker made about $283 on average according to the 1980 census. The assessed value of real estate was $12,223,355. Value of personal property was $2,054,110.

Found in: History of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. SC 974. 843.
The amount of State and County Tax assessed in 1876 was $74,293.75. Most counties were in great debt following the Civil War.

History of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. Reverend Conway P. Wing. Philadelphia 1879.

History of Cumberland and Adams Counties. Pennsylvania Illustrated 1886. Chicago. John Morris Company Printers.

John Thomas Mallalieu was born on September 23, 1852 in Millington, Maryland. His father, Thomas Mallalieu, was a woolen manufacturer and his mother, Mary, watched over John and his six brothers and sisters. Mallalieu was schooled at the Reynolds Institute in Wilmington, Delaware before enrolling at Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. He graduated in 1876 and was an editor to the college newspaper, The Dickinsonian.

Upon graduating from Dickinson College, Mallalieu immediately ventured to the Midwest to become the Principal of an academy located in Gibbon, Nebraska. He acted as principal for three years at the academy in Gibbon, but left to pursue other instructional endeavors in Buffalo County and Kearney. Near the 1900’s John Thomas Mallalieu moved to Colorado to recreate himself. Initially, John Thomas Mallalieu became the Secretary and Treasurer of the Fred G. Shaffer Investment Company . This company was highly involved with the mining and tunneling organizations in the Colorado area. He was able to gain experience in this field while working with the Fred G. Shaffer Company. Before long, he moved again to another job that was solely involved with mining and tunneling. Mallalieu became the president of the Argus Mining and Tunnel Company upon arriving in Idaho Springs, Colorado.

John Thomas Mallaieu was married to Alice S. Gotwald in 1876 before his college graduation. Alice died on February 27th, 1895. Mallalieu was remarried to Mary M. Davis and she was widowed with a daughter named Ellie D. Clayton. Mallalieu died in Colorado on November 23, 1916 at the age of 64. The cause of his death was Apoplexy. He is buried in Kearney, Nebraska with his wife Alice S. Gotwald.

I found some quality information on 19th century newspapers about tariffs in 1876. In New York City, there were new rates introduced on cargo traveling west to Chicago. The new rate was 75 cents per 100 pounds for first class freight. However, the rate is different for cargo traveling from New York to Baltimore or Philadelphia because of the shorter distance.

Also, on Historical Newspapers I found an article about the railways in Chicago that reduced their rates on cargo traveling east. They reduced their rate on grain to 5 cents per 100 pounds and flour was reduced to 10 cents per barrel. Railroad Discriminations:The board of trade committee. It seems that a lot of tariff rates on cargo traveling from chicago to new york were adjusted during the centennial. Most of the rates that I have seen were reduced during this time.

While I was checking out an article on free trade, I saw an aggressive piece written by Inter Ocean which is a newspaper in Chicago. They were critiquing the Chicago Tribune for saying that the current high tariff rates were hurting the foreign demand for American goods. From what I read, the foreign trade rates in 1876 were lower than previous years. Cotton, woolen and linen fabrics were cheaper in 1876 than under the tariff of 1851. during the period from 1851-1875, the imports and exports expanded at a rate more rapid than the growth of the population, which is astounding.
more to come…

search on 19th century newspapers: tariffs (date) 1876 and Historical Newspapers.

Inter Ocean, (Chicago, IL) Thursday, January 13, 1876; pg. 4; Issue 252; col C
The Chicago “Tribune” Advocating Tariff Protection

The Galveston Daily News, (Houston, TX) Sunday, January 09, 1876; Issue 312; col G
New York Freight Tariff West

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