Journal of Buddhist Ethics

An online journal of Buddhist scholarship related to ethics.


The Lotus Sūtra and Health Care Ethics

ISSN:1076–9005
Volume 5, 1998

The Lotus Sūtra and Health Care Ethics

Robert E. Florida
Brandon University

In the last several years there has been an increase in interest in the field of Buddhist ethics, particularly health care ethics. In this paper I will review the medical implications found in the Lotus Sūtra. I will first discuss some general ethical principles that apply in health care with reference to the Lotus Sūtra, and then go on to specific references in the sūtra to medicine.

Read article

Paternalism in the Lotus Sūtra

ISSN:1076–9005
Volume 5 1998

Paternalism in the Lotus Sūtra

Damien Keown
Goldsmiths College, University of London

Medical and other analogies which depict the Buddha as a physician or wise parent are found in the Lotus Sūtra and are common in Buddhist literature.  To what extent does this image of the wise father-figure encourage paternalism in Buddhist ethics? Making reference to the approach to medical ethics developed by Beauchamp and Childress (the “four principles”), this paper discusses the ethics of the Lotus Sūtra in the light of debate about the justifiability of paternalism in contemporary medical practice.  It offers a critique of what appears to be an incipient moral paternalism in Mahāyāna Buddhism which manifests itself in a particular development of the concept of skillful means.  It is suggested that Buddhist sources which apply the concept of skillful means to normative ethics may be characterized as “paternalist” insofar as the principle of beneficence is allowed undue predominance over respect for autonomy.

Read article