Author Archives: oglandea

Further Reading

“Carlisle Indian School Digital Resource Center.” Hiram B. Runnels Student File | Carlisle Indian School Digital Resource Center, carlisleindian.dickinson.edu/student_files/hiram-b-runnels-student-file. Accessed 15 May 2017. “Carlisle Indian School Digital Resource Center.” Lewis Runnels Student File | Carlisle Indian School Digital Resource Center, … Continue reading

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Critical Commentary

The Struggle Against Darkness is a rather short story which seems to combine many elements of other Sanpoil stories.  As a result, Runnels submitted a text that is incredibly encompassing of many Sanpoil stories, and thus has high cultural value. … Continue reading

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Historical and Cultural Context

The Sanpoil is a tribe of Native Americans located in Washington state.  Their name derives from the Okanagan dialect, and means “gray as far as one can see”.  They, along with the Nespelem tribe, as well as other additional tribes, … Continue reading

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Biography

Louis Runnels was a student of the Carlisle Indian school from 1902 to 1911.  Runnels was a member of the Sanpoil tribe, which is located currently on the Colville Reservation in Washington State. While not much is known about his … Continue reading

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Louis Runnels (Sanpoil)

Biography | Historical and Cultural Context | Critical Commentary | Further Reading The Struggle Against Darkness  

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