Category Archives: Chippewa

Historical and Cultural Context

John Bear is a classic example of rebellion- an individual who despite being raised to adhere to the rules, having attended three specific schools for Native Americans, never followed the rules. Within months of arriving at the Carlisle Indian School, … Continue reading

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Critical Commentary

The primary sources that are considered are the following: an exchange between Harvey K. Meyer, a clerk to the superintendent, Julia Bear, John Bear Junior’s mother, and J.W. Dady, the superintendent of the Red Cliff Agency in Bayfield, Wisconsin. transcribed … Continue reading

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Biography

John Bear Junior was born on May 2nd, 1891, and was one of 7 children by John Bear Senior and Julia Bear. Although there is conflicting documentation about the time periods of his academic attendance before attending the Carlisle Indian … Continue reading

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Further Reading

North American Indians in the Great War The Harrisburg Telegraph Carlisle Indian School Digital Resource Center John Bear Hearings before the Join Commission of the Congress of the United States…  

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John Bear Junior (Chippewa)

Biography | Historical and Cultural Context | Critical Commentary | Further Reading Letters Regarding John Bear Jr’s Court-Martial, Expulsion, and Detainment

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The Indian, The Man, and The Canon: A close analysis and examination of Elmer Simon’s “The Indian – A Man”

Elmer Simon | The Indian – A Man (Full Text)   Shortly after my first reading of Elmer Simon’s 1896 piece, “The Indian – A Man” (The Red Man), it was clear to me that this was a piece well … Continue reading

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Elmer Simon

Who Is Elmer Simon? The Indian – A Man (Full Text) At the most basic level, Elmer Simon was a Chippewa native American who graduated from the Carlisle Indian School on April 13th, 1896. On a deeper level, however, he … Continue reading

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Elmira Jerome (Chippewa)

Biography | Historical and Cultural Context | Critical Commentary | Further Reading A Legend of the Pottawatomi The Pottawatomi Indians believe in two spirits, Kitchemanito, symbolizing the Great Spirit, and Matchemanito, the evil spirit. When Kitchemanito first made the world it … Continue reading

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