Category Archives: Origin Story

Sadie M. Ingalls (Po-Naw-Po-Qua) Sac and Fox

Biography|Historical and Cultural Context|Critical Commentary|Further Reading Why Crows Are Black Once upon a time there lived a crow with some of his friends. Since their provisions were nearly all gone, his friends decided to go out hunting and the crow was obliged … Continue reading

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Emma Newashe (Sac and Fox)

Biography /  Cultural and Historical Context / Close Reading / Further Reading “The Merman’s Prophecy” By Emma Newashe The spring had not arrived in all its splendor, but it’s coming was clearly seen, for the buds on the trees were beginning … Continue reading

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Louis Runnels (Sanpoil)

Biography | Historical and Cultural Context | Critical Commentary | Further Reading The Struggle Against Darkness  

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Elmira Jerome (Chippewa)

Biography | Historical and Cultural Context | Critical Commentary | Further Reading A Legend of the Pottawatomi The Pottawatomi Indians believe in two spirits, Kitchemanito, symbolizing the Great Spirit, and Matchemanito, the evil spirit. When Kitchemanito first made the world it … Continue reading

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Cora Elm (Oneida)

Biography | Historical and Cultural Context | Critical Commentary | Further Reading “The Creation of the Earth.” Cora Elm, Oneida. “HERE are some of the old Indians who believe that for a long time the human race lived in the clouds while this … Continue reading

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