Category Archives: Tribal Educators

Historical and Cultural Context

The Oneida Nation is part of the Iroquoian (or Haudenosaunee) tribes, which are originally known as the “Five Nations” (Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca). Their homelands are primarily located in New York State (Central New York). According to William A. Ritchie, … Continue reading

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Critical Commentary

What one needs to know about the content of the periodicals which the Carlisle Indian Industrial School has published, is that every publication of these magazines was edited by the so-called “Man-on-the-Bandstand” to insure that those publications were suitable for … Continue reading

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Biography

According to the application form in her student file, Cora Elm, an Oneida Indian of “full” degree Indian blood, was born on February 18, 1891 to her mother Jane Elm and her father Nicholas Elm. Her Oneida tribe was located … Continue reading

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Further Reading

Further Reading Ballinger, Franchot. “Living Sideways: Social Themes and Social Relationships in Native American Trickster Tales.” American Indian Quarterly, vol. 13, no. 1, 1989, pp. 15–30., www.jstor.org/stable/1184084. Bastian, Dawn E., and Judy K. Mitchell. Handbook of Native American Mythology.  Oxford: … Continue reading

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Critical Commentary

Critical Commentary The legend “The Coyote and the Wind”, published in the January 1913 edition of “The Red Man”, was written by Caleb Carter, a member of the Nez Perce tribe and the Carlisle Indian School graduating class of 1912. … Continue reading

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Historical and Cultural Context

Historical and Cultural Context Caleb Carter, author of the legend “The Coyote and the Wind”, which was published in The Red Man in 1913, was a member of the Nez Perce. Nez Perce tribe originally lived in parts of southeast … Continue reading

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Louis Runnels (Sanpoil)

Biography | Historical and Cultural Context | Critical Commentary | Further Reading The Struggle Against Darkness  

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Further Reading

“Chapter VIII. — Native Life. The Chippewa Indians.” Bay County Past and Present. Ed. George Ernest Butterfield. Bay County, Michigan: U of Michigan, 1918. 33-41. Bay County Past and Present. C. & J. Gregory, 23 Sept. 2008. Web. 05 May … Continue reading

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Critical Commentary

“A Legend of the Pottawatomi” is an origin story that explains the start of the Pottawatomi Indian Race. Origin stories are also known as “narratives”, “creation stories” or myths”. However it is important to note that “creation stories” are focused … Continue reading

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Historical and Cultural Context

In 1902, Elmira Jerome was placed within the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in order to have her assimilate to the American ways. Henry Pratt, the founder of this school, used the school to physically and spiritually transform the Native Americans … Continue reading

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