Tag Archives: The Carlisle Arrow

Biography

Sadie M. Ingalls, or Po-Naw-po-qua, was born October 12, 1890 in Oklahoma to two members of the Sac and Fox Tribe, Horace, or Pe-shaw-kaw Ingalls and Maddie, or Ash-kaw-soque Seals. Her father died of tuberculosis before Sadie enrolled in Carlisle. … Continue reading

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Further Reading

Works Cited: “Carlisle Indian School Digital Resource Center.” Emma Newashe Student File | Carlisle Indian School Digital Resource Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2017.             “History of the Tribe.” History of the Tribe – Sac & Fox. N.p., n.d. Web. … Continue reading

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Cultural and Historical Context

Emma Newashe was a member of the Sac and Fox tribe in Oklahoma. The Sac and Fox tribe, also natively called the Sauk and Fox tribe, used to be two separate tribes until they were forced to combine due to … Continue reading

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Biography

Emma Suzanne Newashe was born in 1892 on the Shawnee Reservation in Oklahoma. Her parents were both Native American: her father, John Nahaoshe, Sac and Fox member, and her mother,  Susan “Waw-paw-que” Clark, Shawnee member. Both Emma and her brother, … Continue reading

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Biography

Elmira Jerome was a part of the Chippewa Nation. She was born in the year 1889 in North Dakota. Her mother was from Canada and was named Julia M. Venne while her father was from North Dakota and was named … Continue reading

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