As we began to digest what came out of Copenhagen, many felt disappointed that a legally binding agreement was not reached and started to look forward to COP16 in Cancun. However, up to this point there are not very high expectations for this round of negotiation which is happening in 6 months.

About a month ago, negotiators from countries that convened in Copenhagen last December met again in Bonn, Germany, to discuss how to connect the outcome of Copenhagen to the negotiation in Cancun. The frustratingly long procedure that we saw at the Bella Center in Copenhagen seemed to repeat itself here. Many countries are still in the mindset that they would be at an economic disadvantage if they spend a little bit more than other countries on climate change mitigation.

The difference between developed and developing countries is still there. Developing countries want to take into account historical responsibility while developed countries want to change the base year to a more reason year to cut even less GHG emission (such as the US, followed by Canada). Developed countries want an across-the-board policy while developing countries focus on cutting carbon intensity but not absolute amount to allow for their economic development (such as China).

According to the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), there were so much frustration that the number of informal meetings happening outside of Bonn processes increased. Norway and France, in one of those meetings, launched an interim REDD+ partnership in an attempt to expedite the progress on key issues outside of the UNFCCC process. The formal UNFCCC meeting itself, ironically, was more focused on the procedures for wording of the text for the agreement as well as discussion on how many more meetings would be needed before Cancun. Yvo de Boer (video of de Boer on the upcoming negation below), Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC, was pessimistic, “I don’t think Cancun will provide the final outcome. I think Cancun can agree on an operational architecture but turning that into a treaty, if that is the decision, will take more time beyond Mexico. Matthew McDermott, a climate negotiation commentary, of Treehugger even suggested skipping COP16 to focus on the negotiation round in South Africa in 2011.

Following the climate change negotiation for me has been very frustrating. It has made me question everything from the efficiency of international negotiation, the advantages and disadvantages of democracy and the role of science in the society. Politics clearly is many years, even decades, behind science. On a more encouraging note, many countries, including the REDD+ partnership mentioned above, are ahead of the pact in climate change mitigation. Businesses in general are also moving more to cutting emissions levels. Politics still slacks behind.

Yvo de Boer at Bonn 2010

Tags: , , , ,

261 Responses to “COP15: high hope – poor outcome. COP16: low hope – ???? outcome”

  1. mkj says:

    padahal tidak semua dari bettor judi yang lain yang tahu tentang permainan sakong online sekarang ini

  2. Vous l’aurez compris il est déconseillé de prendre des compléments alimentaires
    à base de plantes sans un avis ou un suivi médical.

  3. Online radio broadcasting is coming closer to users.
    Mobdro instala gratis

  4. temple run 2 says:

    Your article is very useful, the content is great, I have read a lot of articles, but for your article, it left me a deep impression, thank you for sharing.

  5. run 3 says:

    It is wonderful to be here with everyone, I have a lot of knowledge from what you share, to say thank you, the information and knowledge here helps me a lot

  6. Sarana365 says:

    Bermain Judi Sicbo Online – Permainan judi online seperti sicbo memang kerap dijadikan sebagai ajang untuk menggandakan uang yang paling mudah, cepat dan efektif.

  7. sex says:

    Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all of us you really
    recognise what you are speaking about! Bookmarked.
    Please also visit my site =). We will have a hyperlink trade contract among us

  8. duetqq says:

    padahal tidak semua dari bettor judi yang lain yang tahu tentang permainan sakong online sekarang ini

  9. I know this website gives quality depending posts and extra stuff, is there any other web site which provides such things in quality?

  10. dildos says:

    dildos
    He made women the worker bees of his organization and involved secular men too.In 1994, Erdogan was elected the first Islamist oriented mayor of
    Istanbul. His victory stunned the country. It meant that the Islamists were succeeding in reaching beyond the mosque communities.
    G spot and p spot stimulation may be achieved as long as the user’s
    anatomy allows. My g spot is hidden so I had a hard time stimulating my own, but my partner’s g spot was mildly stimulated by the toy.
    Anally, this toy will need to be guided in, as the floppiness of
    the toy makes this a little on the difficult side to insert.

    g spot vibrator For other inquiries, Contact Us.
    To see all content on The Sun, please use the Site Map. The Sun website
    is regulated by the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO).
    Recently I’ve become increasingly aware of how I am extremely negative towards
    myself. I tend to pick out small flaws and make them a huge deal.
    For example I have had an acne problem for years and have been on and off
    medications to treat it. The bra has held up wonderfully!

    The support in it hasn’t taken any damage despite being machine washed (though I don’t recommend that) and the material is still intact with no tears or rips.
    This outfit was definitely worth it! The bra is padded and has a wire.
    That’s something I usually like to note because that’s things that will make or
    break the deal for some girls.. g spot vibrator

    horse dildo He’s a tremendous person. But we have a problem with
    China.”Over the next 15 minutes, White House staffers would try at least a half dozen more times to move reporters out of the room, only to have the president stop them with another gripe or plea for credit. Sometimes, the lead television camera would inch backward toward the door, as Trump grew smaller on the screen, just to be pushed back into place as the president leaped at another chance to defend himself and his presidency.Trump’s venting in recent days has seemed excessive, even for him. horse dildo

    fleshlight You may figure a few things out along the way, and can incorporate them in later. We try having sex different positions, but that doesn’t help. He does oral/finger/rubbing touching kissing of the chest ect ect and I just can’t seem to become really aroused. Later that day, the school’s principal, Robert Lauder (Friends is the rare independent school that shuns the term headmaster), sent a letter to the community explaining the termination. “Our students know that words and signs of hate and fear have no place at
    Friends,” he wrote, adding that as news of Mr.
    Frisch’s gaffe had circulated, the administration started to receive
    calls and emails about “other equally inappropriate and troubling actions by Ben.”.
    fleshlight

    wholesale sex toys In additional to five federal counts, including two
    charges of murder, he’s expected to face additional charges.

    Meanwhile, doctors report that Rep. Gabrielle Gifford’s condition has not changed since Sunday..
    Trust me you’ll know when you fall in love. I have two pieces of advice.

    One: Don’t look for it, It’ll more than likely find you.
    If and when the CSC finds a sympathetic landlord, there’s yet
    another hurdle to clear: the space UPCOMING CSC EVENTSrequirements for a hands on sex education organization are somewhat unusual.
    “To be a proper sex space,” says Lawrence, “they have to have hot and cold water and lots of it [for] a shower, a tub, two showers, a mop sink, something you can rinse in. And a kitchen not a full kitchen, but something you can produce and serve some kind of food in. wholesale sex toys

    dildos During wanted sex with another person which is about the pleasure and personhood of everyone involved, we might feel excited, physically and emotionally high, close to that other person, awakened, taken care of, put in the best kind of spotlight, dizzy, heady or totally blissed out. We tend to have a silly grin on our faces afterwards that our friends often notice. Even with sex that wasn’t the best sex we ever had, when we have it with someone we like and care for, and when it’s wanted, while we may be a little let down, we’re not likely to feel traumatized or to be doing all we can to keep from crying or having a nervous breakdown.. dildos

    gay sex toys “The Committee plans to invite testimony from
    Mr. And Mrs. Salahi, who managed to attend portions of the State Dinner without proper White House and Secret
    Service clearance, and Secret Service Director Mark Sullivan, who is
    responsible for the safety of Secret Service protectees
    and the plans his agency develops and implements
    to secure them,” a statement from the committee said.. As is, of course, the award winning 1959 version directed by William Wyler and starring Charlton Heston. The 2016 version directed by Timur Bekmambetov and starring Jack Huston can be viewed on demand from Amazon Prime and other platforms. My preference is the 1959 picture but all three have amazing chariot race sequences.. gay sex toys

    dildo Reservationsand Payments:The Tour deposit amount is listed on the Website or in your brochure. The deposit is required in order to confirm your booking. Upon receipt of the deposit, the Operator will send you confirmation of your booking. My mom and brother are pretty religious, and are Christian. I’m going to college in the fall, so it’ll be an easier break for me.My best friend is having a much harder time. Her family is Mormon, and it was especially hard for her to stop going to church. It’s deer mating season, a time when deer versus vehicle accidents become far more common. (Frederick News Post); Students who attend magnet schools Montgomery County may have to pay fees for taking the bus, under a bill being considered. (The Gazette). dildo

    horse dildo FairTest will be happy to claim Colorado College for its test optional movement, a trend toward colleges no longer requiring the SAT or ACT. Why? It’s far more significant when a competitive college such as Colorado College drops the SAT mandate than when a marginally competitive college goes test optional. The Colorado Springs school will rank among the most selective institutions on the test optional list, which includes Bates, Colby and Middlebury.. So, a total net gain of (drumroll, please): $100 million dollars!(Not to mention, education funding in OK overall has experienced significant cuts consistently for at least the past decade.)And the OK legislature considers this a victory (or rather, “a good starting point”) and expects it will placate all of those in the state calling for increased education funding.EDIT: Some people in a thread over on /r/Oklahoma are pointing out that it isn’t fair to compare the 1990 funding, which also included teacher salaries, to only the $50 million signed recently by Governor Fallin (and ignoring the $447 million solely for pay raises, which she also signed at the same time), and I agree, it isn quite fair. I have a feeling, though, that the disparity is actually greater, even if we do compare the 1990 bill as a whole (including teacher salaries). $560 million in 1990 is equivalent today to just over 1 billion. horse dildo

    penis pump When there’s a trusting and respectful bond between parents and kids, the parent does not feel the need to make threats about forced virginity checks. The fact that you mention that you think she might be bluffing tells me that maybe this is part of a larger pattern of how she tries to influence you and your choices.You also mention that you think she would be understanding if you did have sex. Given how you describe her behavior, I am not sure that’s true. Ironically, however, the State Department has been reluctant to acknowledge Cambodia’s extraordinary progress. The annual trafficking report still includes references to young child exploitation that haven’t been true for many years. And Cambodia has been held on the Tier II Watch List since 2013 penis pump.

Leave a Reply

You can use these tags: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>