Primary Sources

Newspapers

Baltimore Sun (Newspapers.com)

  • 1851-07-04 “Fugitive Slave Case in West Chester”

Boston Liberator (Newspapers.com)

  • 1855-02-23 “Resignation of a U.S. Commissioner”

Chicago Tribune (Genealogy Bank)

Chicago Tribune (Newspapers.com)

  • 1857-12-03 “The Fugitive Slave Case at Indianapolis”
  • 1857-12-05 “Another Fugitive Slave Case”

Harrisburg, PA Pennsylvania Telegraph (State Library of Pennsylvania)

  • 1851-10-15 “Fugitive Slave Case–Commissioner McAllister’s Administration of Law”
  • 1859-04-04 “The Fugitive Slave Case”

New Orleans Crescent (Newspapers.com)

  • 1850-11-16 Appointment of U.S. Commissioner James L. Jones

New Orleans Times-Picayune (Newspapers.com)

  • 1855-02-18 Resignation of U.S. Commissioner George W. Meeker

New York Herald (Newspapers.com)

New York National Anti-Slavery Standard (Accessible Archives)

New York Times (ProQuest Historical Newspapers)

  • 1861-04-04 “Another Fugitive Slave Case at Chicago”

New York Tribune (Newspapers.com)

  • 1854-04-20 “Another Slave Catching Outrage!!”

Palmyra, MO Weekly Whig (Newspapers.com)

  • 1851-06-19 “The Fugitive Slave Case at Chicago”

Pennsylvania Freeman (Genealogy Bank)

Philadelphia Press (Genealogy Bank)

Pittsburgh, PA Saturday Morning Visiter (Penn State University)

Raleigh, NC Weekly Register (Newspapers.com)

Springfield, IL Daily Illinois Journal (Genealogy Bank)

  • 1857-08-01 “Fugitive Slave Case”
  • 1857-08-03 “Fugitive Slave Case: Decision of the Commissioner”
  • 1860-02-13 “Rendition of a Fugitive Slave”

Springfield, IL Daily Illinois Register (Genealogy Bank)

Washington, D.C. National Era (Newspapers.com)

Washington, D.C. National Intelligencer (Newspapers.com)

Archival Collections

Clinton Special Collections, Tutt Library, Colorado College, Colorado Springs, CO

Historical Society of Dauphin County, Harrisburg, PA

  • Simon Cameron Papers (correspondence with U.S. Commissioner Richard McAllister)

Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD

  • Governors Papers (correspondence with U.S. Commissioner Richard McAllister)

Missouri State Archives, Jefferson City, MO

  • Governors Papers (correspondence with U.S. Commissioner Edward Ingraham)

National Archives and Records Administration, Philadelphia, PA:

  • Record Group 21, Records of District Courts

National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.:

  • Record Group 217, Settled Miscellaneous Treasury Accounts

Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University, New Haven, CT:

  • John White Geary Papers, MSS 212

Books & Pamphlets

May, Samuel J. The Fugitive Slave Law and its Victims. New York: American Anti-Slavery Society, 1861. [WEB]

Phillips, Wendell. Argument of Wendell Phillips, Esq. Before the Committee on Federal Relations, In Support of the Petitions for the Removal of Edward Greely Loring. Boston: J.B. Yerrinton & Son, 1855. [WEB]

 

Secondary Sources

Ayers, Edward L. The Thin Light of Freedom: The Civil War and Emancipation in the Heart of America. New York: W.W. Norton, 2017.

Baker, Gordon S. The Imperfect Revolution: Anthony Burns and the Landscape of Race in Antebellum America. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 2010.

Baker, H. Robert. The Rescue of Joshua Glover: A Fugitive Slave, the Constitution, and the Coming of the Civil War. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2006.

Blackett, Richard. Making Freedom: The Underground Railroad and the Politics of Slavery. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2013.

Blackett, Richard. The Captive’s Quest for Freedom: Fugitive Slaves, the 1850 Fugitive Slave Law, and the Politics of Slavery. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2018.

Campbell, Stanley. The Slave Catchers: Enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Law, 1850-1860. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1970.

Churchill, Robert H. “Fugitive Slave Rescues in the North: Towards a Geography of Antislavery Violence.” Ohio Valley History 14, no. 2 (Summer 2014): 51-75.

Churchill, Robert H. “When the Slave Catchers Came to Town: Cultures of Violence along the Underground Railroad.” The Journal of American History 105, no. 3 (December 2018): 514-537.

Collison, Gary. Shadrach Minkins: From Fugitive Slave to Citizen. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997.

Delbanco, Andrew. The War Before the War: Fugitive Slaves and the Struggle for America’s Soul from the Revolution to the Civil War. New York: Penguin Press, 2018.

Diggins, Milt. Stealing Freedom Along the Mason-Dixon Line: Thomas McCreary, the Notorious Slave Catcher from Maryland. Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 2015.

Eggert, Gerald. “The Impact of the Fugitive Slave Law on Harrisburg: A Case Study.” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 109, no. 4 (1985): 537-569.

Fehrenbacher, Don E. ed. Ward M. McAfee. The Slaveholding Republic: An Account of the United States Government’s Relations to Slavery. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Finkelman, Paul. An Imperfect Union: Slavery, Federalism, and Comity. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1981.

Finkelman, Paul. ed. Slavery in the Courtroom: An Annotated Bibliography of American Cases. Washington: Library of Congress, 1985.

Finkelman, Paul. ed. Slavery and the Law. Madison, WI: Madison House Publishers, 1997.

Finkelman, Paul. ed. Congress and the Crisis of the 1850s. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2012.

Franklin, John Hope and Loren Schweninger. Runaway Slaves: Rebels on the Plantation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Freehling, William W. The Road to Disunion: Secessionists at Bay, 1776-1854. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Foner, Eric. Gateway to Freedom: The Hidden History of the Underground Railroad. New York: W.W. Norton, 2015.

Harrold, Stanley. Border War: Fighting Over Slavery before the Civil War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010.

Lindquist, Charles A. “The Origin and Development of the United States Commissioner System.” The American Journal of Legal History 14, no. 1 (January 1970): 1-16.

Lubet, Steven. Fugitive Justice: Runaways, Rescuers, and Slavery on Trial. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010.

McDougall, Marion Gleason. Fugitive Slaves (1619-1865). Boston: Ginn & Company, 1891.

McPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Middleton, Stephen. The Black Laws: Race and the Legal Process in Early Ohio. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2005.

Murphy, Angela F. The Jerry Rescue: The Fugitive Slave Law, Northern Rights, and the American Sectional Crisis. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Morris, Thomas D. Free Men All: The Personal Liberty Laws of the North, 1780-1861. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1974.

Nevins, Allan. Ordeal of the Union: Fruits of Manifest Destiny, 1847-1852. New York: Scribner, 1947.

Pinsker, Matthew. “After 1850: Reassessing the Impact of the Fugitive Slave Law.” In Damian Alan Pargas ed. Fugitive Slaves and Spaces of Freedom in North America. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Press, 2018.

Rhodes, James Ford. History of the United States from the Compromise of 1850. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1896.

Richardson, Jean. “Buffalo’s Antebellum African American Community and the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850.” Afro-Americans in New York Life and History 27, no. 2 (July 2003): 29-46.

Reinhardt, Mark. Who Speaks for Margaret Garner? Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2010.

Robinson, Marcia C. “The Tragedy of Edward ‘Ned’ Davis: Entrepreneurial Fraud in Maryland in the Wake of the 1850 Fugitive Slave Law.” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 140, no. 2 (2016): 167-182.

Sernett, Milton C. North Star Country: Upstate New York and the Crusade for African American Freedom. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2002.

Sinha, Manisha. The Slave’s Cause: A History of Abolition. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2016.

Smith, David G. On the Edge of Freedom: The Fugitive Slave Issue in South Central Pennsylvania, 1820-1870. New York: Fordham University Press, 2013.

Von Frank, Albert J. The Trials of Anthony Burns: Freedom and Slavery in Emerson’s Boston. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998.