Alexandria, VA Gazette (Genealogy Bank)
- 1853-02-11 “Fugitive Slave Case in Pa.”
Alton, IL Telegraph (Newspapers.com)
- 1853-01-21 “The Fugitive Slave Case”
Alton, IL Weekly Courier (Newspapers.com)
- 1853-01-18 “Fugitive Slave Case!”
Baltimore Sun (Newspapers.com)
Boston Liberator (Newspapers.com)
- 1853-08-05 “Seizure of Another Victim”
- 1853-10-21 “Another Fugitive Slave Case”
- 1855-02-23 “Resignation of a U.S. Commissioner”
Burlington, IA Hawk-Eye (Genealogy Bank)
Chicago Democrat (Cornell University)
Chicago Evening Journal (University of Memphis)
- 1860-11-13 “Great Fugitive Slave Excitement”
Chicago Free West (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library)
- 1854-12-14 “Slave Hunt in Chicago”
Chicago Tribune (Genealogy Bank)
Chicago Tribune (Newspapers.com)
Chicago Western Citizen (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library)
- 1851-06-10 “Slave Hunt in Chicago!”
Cleveland Herald (Genealogy Bank)
- 1855-03-21 “Fugitive Slave Case”
Cleveland Plain Dealer (Genealogy Bank)
- 1853-10-24 “The Fugitive Slave Case–Escape of Lewis–Great Excitement”
Concord, NH Independent Democrat (Genealogy Bank)
Edwardsville, IL Intelligencer (Newspapers.com)
- 1897-03-16 “Touching Tributes”
Harrisburg, PA Pennsylvania Telegraph (State Library of Pennsylvania)
- 1851-10-15 “Fugitive Slave Case–Commissioner McAllister’s Administration of Law”
- 1859-04-04 “The Fugitive Slave Case”
Honesdale, PA Wayne County Herald (Newspapers.com)
- 1850-12-26 “Fugitive Slave Case”
Huntsville, AL Democrat (Newspapers.com)
- 1853-06-16 “The Fugitive Slave Law-Novel and Important Case”
New Lisbon, OH Anti-Slavery Bugle (Genealogy Bank)
- 1853-07-16 “The Case of John Freeman”
New Orleans Crescent (Newspapers.com)
- 1850-11-16 Appointment of U.S. Commissioner James L. Jones
New Orleans Times-Picayune (Newspapers.com)
- 1855-02-18 Resignation of U.S. Commissioner George W. Meeker
New York Herald (Newspapers.com and Genealogy Bank)
- 1850-12-28 “Alleged Fugitive Slave”
- 1854-06-19 “Arrest and Examination of Eight Fugitives”
- 1854-12-09 “Slave Excitement at Chicago”
New York National Anti-Slavery Standard (Accessible Archives)
- 1850-10-03 “The First Blood”
New York Observer (Genealogy Bank)
- 1854-07-06 “The Law Maintained”
New York Times (ProQuest Historical Newspapers)
New York Tribune (Newspapers.com and Genealogy Bank)
- 1852-04-02 “Court Proceedings”
- 1852-04-05 “The Late Slave Case”
- 1852-04-06 “The Fugitive Slave Case”
- 1854-04-20 “Another Slave Catching Outrage!!”
- 1856-02-29 “Commissioner Pendery”
Palmyra, MO Weekly Whig (Newspapers.com)
- 1851-06-19 “The Fugitive Slave Case at Chicago”
Pennsylvania Freeman (Genealogy Bank)
- 1851-07-03 “Fugitive Slave Case”
- 1851-07-24 “Fugitive Slave Case”
- 1851-10-02 “An Aged Woman Sent into Slavery”
- 1853-02-03 “The Case of Richard Neal”
- 1853-02-03 Charles Wesley Case
- 1853-06-09 “Another Fugitive Case”
- 1853-08-04 “The Late Slave Case”
Philadelphia Inquirer (Genealogy Bank)
- 1853-01-24 “U.S. Commissioners’ Office”
Philadelphia Daily Pennsylvanian (Genealogy Bank)
Philadelphia North American (Genealogy Bank)
- 1852-11-08 “Fugitive Slave Case”
Philadelphia Press (Genealogy Bank)
- 1859-04-07 “The Fugitive Slave Case”
Pittsburgh, PA Daily Post (Newspapers.com)
- 1850-11-21 Commissioner Jacob Bowman Sweizer Appointment
Pittsburgh, PA Saturday Morning Visiter (Penn State University)
Portsmouth, VA Daily Pilot (Library of Virginia)
- 1850-10-15 “The Fugitive Slave Bill and Commissioner Gardiner”
Raleigh, NC Weekly Register (Newspapers.com)
- 1851-02-12 “Died.”
Richmond, VA Daily Dispatch (Genealogy Bank)
- 1854-09-27 “Fugitive Slave Arrested”
Sandusky, OH Commercial Register (Genealogy Bank)
- 1856-02-28 “The Cincinnati Fugitive Slave Case”
Springfield, IL Daily Illinois Journal (Genealogy Bank)
- 1857-08-01 “Fugitive Slave Case”
- 1857-08-03 “Fugitive Slave Case: Decision of the Commissioner”
- 1860-02-13 “Rendition of a Fugitive Slave”
Springfield, IL Daily Illinois Register (Genealogy Bank)
- 1857-08-03 “Fugitive Slaves”
St. Louis, MO Republican (State Historical Society of Missouri)
- 1854-12-11 “What is to be Done Now!”
Washington, D.C. National Era (Newspapers.com)
- 1854-06-29 “Fugitive Law”
Washington, D.C. National Intelligencer (Newspapers.com)
- 1850-11-30 “Laying Down the Law”
Washington, D.C. National Republican (Newspapers.com)
Clinton Special Collections, Tutt Library, Colorado College, Colorado Springs, CO
- U.S. Commissioner John Ludlow Pendery Typed Autobiographical Statement
Historical Society of Dauphin County, Harrisburg, PA
- Simon Cameron Papers (correspondence with U.S. Commissioner Richard McAllister)
Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD
- Governors Papers (correspondence with U.S. Commissioner Richard McAllister)
Missouri State Archives, Jefferson City, MO
- Governors Papers (correspondence with U.S. Commissioner Edward Ingraham)
National Archives and Records Administration, Philadelphia, PA:
- Record Group 21
- Habeas Corpus Case Files, 1848-1862
- 1851-01-22 Warrant of Arrest, Stephen Bennett
- Habeas Corpus Case Files, 1848-1862
National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.:
- Record Group 217, Settled Miscellaneous Treasury Accounts
Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University, New Haven, CT:
- John White Geary Papers, MSS 212
Books & Pamphlets
Biographical Sketches of the Leading Men of Chicago. Chicago: Wilson & St. Clair, 1868. [WEB]
Coffin, Levi. Reminiscences of Levi Coffin, The Reputed President of the Underground Railroad. Cincinnati, OH: Robert Clarke, 1880. [WEB]
Frazee, George. “The Iowa Fugitive Slave Case.” The Annals of Iowa 4, no. 2 (1899): 118-137. [WEB]
May, Samuel J. The Fugitive Slave Law and its Victims. New York: American Anti-Slavery Society, 1861. [WEB]
Norton, W.T. ed. Centennial History of Madison County, Illinois and Its People 1812 to 1912. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, 1912. [WEB].
Phillips, Wendell. Argument of Wendell Phillips, Esq. Before the Committee on Federal Relations, In Support of the Petitions for the Removal of Edward Greely Loring. Boston: J.B. Yerrinton & Son, 1855. [WEB]
Ayers, Edward L. The Thin Light of Freedom: The Civil War and Emancipation in the Heart of America. New York: W.W. Norton, 2017.
Baker, Gordon S. The Imperfect Revolution: Anthony Burns and the Landscape of Race in Antebellum America. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 2010.
Baker, H. Robert. The Rescue of Joshua Glover: A Fugitive Slave, the Constitution, and the Coming of the Civil War. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2006.
Blackett, Richard. Making Freedom: The Underground Railroad and the Politics of Slavery. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2013.
Blackett, Richard. The Captive’s Quest for Freedom: Fugitive Slaves, the 1850 Fugitive Slave Law, and the Politics of Slavery. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2018.
Blight, David W. Frederick Douglass: Prophet of Freedom. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2018.
Blight, David. W. ed. Passages to Freedom: The Underground Railroad in History and Memory. New York: HarperCollins, 2004.
Blight, David W. Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001.
Cahan, Richard. A Court that Shaped America: Chicago’s Federal District Court from Abe Lincoln to Abe Hoffman. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 2002.
Campbell, Stanley. The Slave Catchers: Enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Law, 1850-1860. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1970.
Churchill, Robert H. The Underground Railroad and the Geography of Violence in Antebellum America. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2020.
Churchill, Robert H. “Fugitive Slave Rescues in the North: Towards a Geography of Antislavery Violence.” Ohio Valley History 14, no. 2 (Summer 2014): 51-75.
Churchill, Robert H. “When the Slave Catchers Came to Town: Cultures of Violence along the Underground Railroad.” The Journal of American History 105, no. 3 (December 2018): 514-537.
Collison, Gary. Shadrach Minkins: From Fugitive Slave to Citizen. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997.
Curran, Nathaniel B. “Levi Davis, Illinois’ Third Auditor.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 71, no. 1 (February 1978): 2-12.
Delbanco, Andrew. The War Before the War: Fugitive Slaves and the Struggle for America’s Soul from the Revolution to the Civil War. New York: Penguin Press, 2018.
Diggins, Milt. Stealing Freedom Along the Mason-Dixon Line: Thomas McCreary, the Notorious Slave Catcher from Maryland. Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 2015.
Eggert, Gerald. “The Impact of the Fugitive Slave Law on Harrisburg: A Case Study.” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 109, no. 4 (1985): 537-569.
Fehrenbacher, Don E. ed. Ward M. McAfee. The Slaveholding Republic: An Account of the United States Government’s Relations to Slavery. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Finkelman, Paul. An Imperfect Union: Slavery, Federalism, and Comity. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1981.
Finkelman, Paul. “The Kidnapping of John Davis and the Adoption of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1793.” The Journal of Southern History 56, no. 3 (August 1990): 397-422.
Finkelman, Paul. “Fugitive Slaves, Midwestern Racial Tolerance, and the Value of ‘Justice Delayed.'” Iowa Law Review 78, no. 1 (October 1992): 89-142.
Finkelman, Paul. “John Bingham and the Background to the Fourteenth Amendment.” Akron Law Review 36, no. 4 (2003): 671-692.
Finkelman, Paul. ed. Slavery in the Courtroom: An Annotated Bibliography of American Cases. Washington: Library of Congress, 1985.
Finkelman Paul. ed. Slavery, Race and the American Legal System, 1700-1872. New York: Garland, 1988. 16 vols.
Finkelman, Paul. ed. Slavery and the Law. Madison, WI: Madison House Publishers, 1997.
Finkelman, Paul and Donald R. Kennon. eds. Congress and the Crisis of the 1850s. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2012.
Franklin, John Hope and Loren Schweninger. Runaway Slaves: Rebels on the Plantation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Freehling, William W. The Road to Disunion: Secessionists at Bay, 1776-1854. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.
Foner, Eric. Gateway to Freedom: The Hidden History of the Underground Railroad. New York: W.W. Norton, 2015.
Gronningsater, Sarah H.L. “‘On Behalf of His Race and the Lemmon Slaves’: Louis Napoleon, Northern Black Legal Culture, and the Politics of Sectional Crisis.” Journal of the Civil War Era 7, no. 2 (June 2017): 206-241.
Harrold, Stanley. Border War: Fighting Over Slavery before the Civil War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010.
Huebner, Timothy S. “Roger B. Taney and the Slavery Issue: Looking beyond—and before—Dred Scott.” The Journal of American History 97, no. 1 (June 2010): 17-38.
Lindquist, Charles A. “The Origin and Development of the United States Commissioner System.” The American Journal of Legal History 14, no. 1 (January 1970): 1-16.
Lubet, Steven. Fugitive Justice: Runaways, Rescuers, and Slavery on Trial. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010.
McDougall, Marion Gleason. Fugitive Slaves (1619-1865). Boston: Ginn & Company, 1891.
McPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.
Middleton, Stephen. The Black Laws: Race and the Legal Process in Early Ohio. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2005.
Murphy, Angela F. The Jerry Rescue: The Fugitive Slave Law, Northern Rights, and the American Sectional Crisis. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.
Morris, Thomas D. Free Men All: The Personal Liberty Laws of the North, 1780-1861. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1974.
Nevins, Allan. Ordeal of the Union: Fruits of Manifest Destiny, 1847-1852. New York: Scribner, 1947.
Pinsker, Matthew. “After 1850: Reassessing the Impact of the Fugitive Slave Law.” In Damian Alan Pargas ed. Fugitive Slaves and Spaces of Freedom in North America. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Press, 2018.
Rhodes, James Ford. History of the United States from the Compromise of 1850. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1896.
Richardson, Jean. “Buffalo’s Antebellum African American Community and the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850.” Afro-Americans in New York Life and History 27, no. 2 (July 2003): 29-46.
Reinhardt, Mark. Who Speaks for Margaret Garner? Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2010.
Robinson, Marcia C. “The Tragedy of Edward ‘Ned’ Davis: Entrepreneurial Fraud in Maryland in the Wake of the 1850 Fugitive Slave Law.” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 140, no. 2 (2016): 167-182.
Sernett, Milton C. North Star Country: Upstate New York and the Crusade for African American Freedom. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2002.
Sinha, Manisha. The Slave’s Cause: A History of Abolition. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2016.
Smith, David G. On the Edge of Freedom: The Fugitive Slave Issue in South Central Pennsylvania, 1820-1870. New York: Fordham University Press, 2013.
Von Frank, Albert J. The Trials of Anthony Burns: Freedom and Slavery in Emerson’s Boston. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998.