So I have continued to research my project and make the corrections to my original draft. I had to research more in-depth Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper. The Archives was only able to give me the editions from 1864 six months to a whole year after the battle took place. So i have added those two articles to my paper. I know that they are way out my 5 day timeline but they certainly will help describe use of the magazine. Here is my paper so far with some of the corrections done. I have highlighted my argument in the first paragraph. Let me know what you guys think and if it needs to be changed what I should change it to. I am struggling a bit coming up with a good argument wording wise.
The Battle of Gettysburg was one of the biggest and bloodiest battles in American history. As the battle escalated reporters kept appearing to report on the situation and conflict. The newspapers were people’s source of all this information. The newspaper people read was their lifeline to the world. The newspaper a person read was the key to how well informed they were and depending how far they lived away from Gettysburg depended on how long it would take them to receive information on the battle. If a person lived in New York City they read The New York Herald, if they lived in Rochester, NY they read The New York Herald as well, if they lived in Boston, MA they read the Boston Daily Advertiser, and if the lived in Lowell, MA they read the Lowell Daily Citizen and News.
After the battle ended people all over the country were rushing and waiting with anxiety to see what the repot was from Gettysburg. Reporters crammed the telegraph lines with reports from the battlefield. With all this information to report the Associated Press was born. The Associated Press was created because of how many reporters were present in Gettysburg. With only maybe one or two telegraph available to the reporters they had combine messages to their editors. So when people were reading the paper they would see and article and at the end of it read “as seen in the United States Gazette and Philadelphia North American.” The New York Herald was probably the most popular or at least one of the most popular papers of the day. While the battle ended on Friday July 3, 1863 the paper really did not start covering the news of the battle until Monday July 6. What the paper reported on July 6 was the retreat of Lee’s army and the victory. Also reported in this edition were the casualty reports from the battlefield for people in the New York area but mostly more prominent members of the Union Army. Also in the news was the injury report on General Sickles and how he was progressing as well as his unit. [Sickles article information here]. Also in this day’s paper was a report from General Meade. He spoke of the great things that Union army accomplished and was even compared to the Duke of Wellington “Meade resisted the impetuous onsets of the Southern troops with all the obstinacy of Wellington at Waterloo, and with the same fearful losses to the enemy and himself”. Most of the information that the readers saw in this would come from other newspapers or would appear in similar wording in other papers. One common newspaper that The New York Herald typically used information from was the United States Gazette and Philadelphia North American. As the days dragged on though the news of the battle began to dwindle. On Thursday July 9th the news that appeared was less than normal on the battle. The articles in The Herald took up some of the first page and covered the aftermath of the battle and movements of troops for both armies. All the reports of joy and celebrations are gone. People all over celebrated the victory and the Fourth of July with great pride and patriotism. Reporters who were covering the scenes in the streets said “In this city especially the day was observed with patriotic enthusiasm Crowds of people left the city upon steamboat excursions and picnics in the country; but crowds came to the city from all the towns and villages for miles around, and the streets were thronged as ever.” Starting on Friday July 10th the reports really begin to dwindle and become less informative. The most informative piece that made headlines that day was a report of an engagement at Boonsboro. By Saturday July 11th The New York Herald had moved on in their reports on Gettysburg and the citizens of New York City have moved away from interest in Gettysburg and any information that keeps coming from the battlefield.
The people in Rochester, New York were either readers of The New York Herald or the magazine Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper. The citizens of Rochester had to pay more attention to The New York Herald for the first few days because their local paper could not receive the information as fast as the bigger papers could. While researching Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper I was not able to find any information about the battle right after it’s conclusion. What I found was in an edition written six months after its conclusion. On January 2, 1864 the magazine ran an edition that included a story from Gettysburg. The story was titled Reminiscence of Gettysburg: The Last Though of a Dying Father. The other story that appeared in Frank Leslie’s was about Jack Dayton and titled Jack Dayton: An Episode of lee’s Raid in Pennsylvania. The story explains the task of the 16th Pennsylvania Cavalry and the death of Dayton after a firefight.
Granted while New York had a lot of divisions and individuals taking part in the battle Massachusetts was slightly different. Being so far from Pennsylvania, Massachusetts did not have many divisions take part in the battle. However, some were. The units that served in the First Corp Second Division were the 12th and 13th Massachusetts. The units that served in the Second Army Corp First and Second Division were the 28th, 15th, 19th, and 20th Massachusetts. Finally serving in the Third Corp Second Division were the 1st, 11th, and 16th Massachusetts. The citizens of towns like Boston and Lowell were certainly interested in the result from Gettysburg. Lowell would be most interested due to the fact that they since they had more cotton looms in one city then all the Confederate States combined and were responsible for weaving the cotton for the confederacy they would certainly be interested in who won the battle. The biggest paper in Massachusetts at this time was the Boston Daily Advertiser. The newspaper gave their citizens a lot of in-depth information about the battle that would have appeared in any other major newspaper. The information most important to any person who read this paper was what was the result of the battle and what, if any, division fought at the battle and how did they fair. Also they were certainly interested in the casualty list from the New England area. An example of an individual who died and who could have been prominent members of Boston were Lieutenant Summer Paine who served in the 20th Massachusetts and was a sophomore at Harvard University and son of Charles C. Paine.
The citizens of Lowell did receive the Advertiser but that did not carry information that they would be interested in if someone from their area was involved in the fighting. Again we see a big city versus a smaller city/town. They wanted the news that the bigger papers delivered but also wanted the news that would captivate their attention. Papers back then had allegiance to political parties and certain individuals. If a private from Lowell was killed the Advertiser would probably not mention him in their list of casualties but the Lowell Daily Citizen and News would because the people would want to know. Some of the articles that did appear in this paper were also articles that appeared in the Advertiser. The article appeared on the morning of July 10, 1863 for the citizens of Lowell was a short and just brief overview of what had taken place the last few days. It really gives their citizens no information on what really took place at Gettysburg and the effects had been. It does share with them the death total and the retreat of General Lee. It does also give the reason why Lee got away so easily “Lee retreated in better order and losing less artillery than has been represented. The reason is, that the Federal troops fought the Battle of Gettysburg entirely on the defensive and did not pursue the enemy beyond the contested ground.” So while this type of article was informative to the people of Lowell it was nowhere near the in depth analysis of the Advertiser. Granted a lot of the information in this article had been reported a few days ago in the other papers.
People who received papers such as The New York Herald and Boston Daily Advertiser where people who would have a much better connection with the outside world because of the depth and quality of information given to them. Smaller towns that received papers such as the Lowell Daily Citizen and News were getting news but it wasn’t the same quality as the bigger papers. The news was just a watered down version of what appeared in the bigger papers. Also the news that would appear in smaller papers was most likely reported a day before or even earlier. These examples of papers really showed the difference between living in a big city and smaller town. Second the difference between being closer to the action and further away. Finally the difference between reading a big time paper and a smaller paper. You can a see a tremendous gap in reporting and information given by each newspaper. You can also see favoritism by each paper depending on the political party they were loyal to and what audience they were writing for.
 The New York Herald was first published in 1835 and run by James Gordon Bennett Sr. By 1845 it was the most popular paper in the United States. It was a staunch supporter of the Democratic Party throughout the Civil War. Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper was created in 1855 by English immigrant Frank Leslie in New York City, New York. Is regarded with a lot of historical value because of the illustrations that were added to it from battlefields during the Civil War. It survived until 1922. The Boston Daily Advertiser was founded in 1813 and run by Nathan Hale. It overtook the Boston Patriot and then The Boston Gazette. The Lowell Daily Citizen and News was founded in 1856 and ended its publication on 1876. The Publishers of this newspaper were Brown and Morey.
 Talked about later in the paragraph.
 Lee’s Army was referred to as the Army of Northern Virginia. The army began a retreat on July 4th that took place on a rainy Saturday morning and continued long into the night.
 General Sickles was a commander of Union forces at Gettysburg who injured on the second day of battle. His unit was supposed to protect the area near the Round Tops but he advanced his unit forward into the Peach orchard where they were slaughtered by General Longstreet’s advance. He would be wounded and loose his right leg but awarded the Medal of Honor for his valiant services.
 General Meade was the commander who took of the Union Army after the firing of Hooker. He was altered of this promotion right before the battle took place and had to ride immediately to Gettysburg. He arrived the night of July 1st after the first day of fighting. He would go on to lead the Unions to victory and turn around the Union’s chances for winning the war.
 New York Herald, “General George Meade, the Commander of the Army of the Potomac” pg. 1 Col. 3 and 4 Monday July 6, 1863.
 New York Herald, “The Celebration of the Fourth of July- The Effect of the War News” pg. 1 Col. 4 Monday July 6, 1863.
 Boonsboro is located in Maryland and at the base of South Mountain in Washington County. It is located right in between Hagerstown and Frederick, Maryland. It was founded in 1792 by George and William Boone cousins of Daniel Boone and is a rural little town. As lee’s Army retreated from Gettysburg they based through Boonsboro but clashed with Union forces, which led to minor skirmishes.
 Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper was a local paper in Rochester, New York. Look to footnote 1.
 Our archives did not have an edition available before the year 1864. They will continue to look for it and if found they will let me know. I will continue to look at our online collection and see what I come across.
 The story is about a father who dies from a mortal and is found clutching a picture of his three children. Since he was widowed and only knew that he was from New York Newspaper ran the story to try and find his children and tell them what had happened. It is one of the more touching stories from the battle.
 Jack Dayton was a member of the 16th Pennsylvania cavalry who had volunteered during the war in Mexico. He rejoined them again during the Civil War. As they are pursuing Lee’s army they clash with confederate forces under Fitzhugh Lee’s and Jenkins command. Dayton is injured during the battle and dies in the early morning hours the following day.
 These are just a few of the units from Massachusetts that actually were present at the Battle of Gettysburg. These were the most probable regiments who actually saw battle being in the higher corps. The other corps were mostly filled with reserves. As a side note the 1st Company of Massachusetts Sharpshooters were unattached to the 106th Pennsylvania. Information was found at www.michiganinthewar.org.
 Boston was the capital city of Massachusetts and is famous for sending divisions to aid the Union cause. Units such as the 54th Massachusetts are among these famous regiments. Lowell was one of the larger cities in Massachusetts at this time. It was the major producer of textile and manufacturing city in Massachusetts. Located just Northeast of Boston and located on the Merrimack River.
 Boston Daily Advertiser was located in Boston Massachusetts. Look to footnote 1.
 Boston Daily Advertiser, “Died” Friday July 10, 1863.
 Lowell Daily Citizen and News was the local newspaper for the city of Lowell. Look to footnote 1.
 Lowell Daily Citizen and News, “The Situation on the Potomac” Col. A, July 10, 1863.