Margot on Duggan 350-384

I found the description of Italy by Mikhail Bakunin very interesting, the idea that Italy was a power keg, “will millions of impoverished peasants and its deep seated traditions of rural violence….Freedom for the masses…could only come with a social revolution that would sweep away the bourgeoisie.” Pg 352

The other aspect of the reading I found compelling was when Duggan was talking about mass emigration in the early 1900’s. I was thinking that could be one of the factors that kept Italy from becoming a culturally unified nation.

The most informative section of this reading was the section on Libya. Besides describing the devastation caused by the Italians, (killing 100,000 Libyans, 1/8th of the populations), Duggan does a great job of discussing the excitement at home and the fact that the idea that war would bring Italy together, didn’t die immediately but “haunt[ed] even sober-minded intellectuals like Giustino Fortunato” pg 384

(I found the first part of Gabriele D’Annunzio’s novel Il Piacere on youtube)


Italian soldiers of an Alpine Division, surrounding fallen Libyan resisters, during the Italo-Turkish War, 1912

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