I thoroughly enjoyed both the reading but also the way that it is written. Usually, I like for certain things to go in order but it is interesting how Duggan begins differently and ties it all together by first showing what happened and then explaining why it occurred that way. I also like the quotes at the beginning of each chapter because it is a small preview of what is to come.
My favorite part was the Nationalism chapter because the topic has always been interesting to me. What I really liked was the comparisons found between Nationalism and Socialism in Italy. I could definitely see how each of those movements would be compelling to join within Italy at the time, especially with the lack of unity. Each movement gave people a sense of purpose but also a sense of belonging. The interesting part was how each of the movements were highly intellectual ones (“The Nationalist movement . . . from the outset it had a strongly intellectual flavor.” (p.377)) The Nationalist movement at first had a strong following within the middle class but as time went on began to spread amongst the masses. There is definitely something compelling in coming together as Italians, despite ones intellectual background. It is also understandable how the socialism movement was based on intellectual fervor as well, only they aimed to spread literacy so that “. . . the class war stood a much better chance of succeeding if the masses knew what they were supposed to do.” (p.359)
Both movements were compelling to join by many, especially in a time of disunion within the country. Despite the fact that both movements were against each other, they definitely had their similarities. Personally, I can see how maybe Nationalism would grow stronger that Socialism due to the feelings attached to it, creating a feeling of being an Italian.