The pollution in Delhi dued to burn-off of rice stubbles

The pollution in Delhi primarily is caused by the smoke from the burning of rice stubble in surrounding farmland and the traffic pollution. The annual average PM 2.5 in Delhi doubles annual average in Beijing. The negative externality of rice and car production will be the pollution in air.

However, due to government’s dread of stopping farmers from burning off stubbles left from rice production. India is the second place in producing rice while Uttar Pradesh, a state which Delhi is in, is the second place in the country. Government’s liability on rice production explains why it doesn’t want farmers to be alienate.

The fear of shortage in food supply neither help cut the rice production but even encourage it which may trigger more burn-off pollution. Government encourages growing by offering floor prices and subsidies. According to what we learned about subsidies and floor price, there is such a nice market condition for rice production which has a large negative externality in polluting.


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