I think that the change of political thought is symbolized in popular culture. This is because some kinds of popular cultures have been changed after French revolution. Before French revolution, the clergy and nobility completely controlled the rest of people by absolutism. The right of third estate was completely ignored, and ordinary people just had to obey the clergy and nobility. However, after French revolution, people started to regard the existence of high dominant people as a central problem. This was because ordinary people aimed to realize the social structure that they could have liberty and right. At the same time, they also tried to reform the traditional absolutism politics to popular sovereignty. This political change is symbolized in some popular culture after French revolution. For instance, as shown in last class, people came to enjoy chess and card games without kings or queens. Kings and queens has been actually the symbol of absolutism. This was because they actually dominated the society and controlled everything in the past. People stopped using those chess pieces. This cultural movement means that people came to have different political idea from past one, which is absolutism. In the case of women clothes, women came to wear different kinds of clothes from the past. Before the French revolution, they just wore simple and manlike clothes. However, after French revolution, they came to wear more splendid dress than before. In the past, people were not guaranteed to wear what they would like to. However, women came to have some choices.I thought this fact symbolized that ordinary women came to have increasing liberty and right under the new political system.