In Three New Deals, author Wolfganf Schivelbusch argues how three powerful states were all led by common ideals leading up to WWII. This is not to confuse with ‘same’ ideals in any sense. While these terms may seem alike, Schivelbusch clearly states there is a difference. He argues that while the United States, Germany, and Italy had common features the three cannot be considered identical in any way. It is difficult to place the United States, a democratic society, in the same category as two authoritative countries, but Schivelbusch continues to explain how they represent one another while being different at the same time.
Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal consisted of a series of acts that were established to help the United States recover from the Great Depression. While the New Deal looks as it could help the recovery process, it ultimately did nothing but create criticism both internationally and domestically. Much of the criticism was towards FDR and his Fascist and National Socialist fascinations. Schivelbusch argues how Germany and Italy identified the similarities of FDR’s economic solutions and supported his dictatorial leadership style. While these solutions may have been similar to those of the Fascist or National Socialist, they are not identical in any matter.
Another element Schivelbusch recognizes that is common within these three states is the use of propaganda, particularly war propaganda. War propaganda was used create a sense of nationalism through the respected states, and Italy and Germany seemed to create a strong idea of nationalism. Stated, “fascism and National Socialism saw themselves as the continuation of solders’ solidarity, as heroic, messianic movements that would invigorate nations still ruled by outdated ideas with new revolutionary spirit. Politics was a call to arms on the home front” (39). FDR and the United States did not have anywhere near the strength of the Germans or Italians, but was convinced he could spread it.