Author: Karl Heinrich Marx, socialist, philosopher, founder of communism theroy and The first international. He is Prussian but had been banished from the nation. He got a deep understanding about how the capitalism system works. His praxis philosophy widely spread.
Context: it published at 1848, England got almost an dominant situation in the world which occupied about 36,000,000 km^2 land all over the world. The first industrail revolution is almost done, workers are in a harsh living condition and the demand of reform is keep increasing. Several workers’ uprising had emerged such as textile worker’s uprising in silesia and Lyon，Worker’s Uprisings in.
Language: It systemically showed how the system of capitalism work and argued the advantages of communism. It defined the duties and characters of communist party and appealed workers and other lower class should united for overthrow the capitalist’s government.
Audience: lower class, especially workers, as a guide line of uprising.
Intention: As a declearation of communism, trying to spread the ideas about communism and provide a guideline to the uprising workers.
Message: The nature of capitalism leads the exploition to the workers, people who under slavary should united together to fight against capitalism.