Multiculturalism in Germany

3 Points 

1 – Thilo Sarrazin, a member of the Bundesbank’s board, proclaimed that because of the country’s shrinking population, immigrants and the underclass are having too many children, and the well-educated native Germans too few. He argued that Biologically, culturally and professionally Germany is dumbing down.

2 – Germany isn’t doing enough to bring immigrants into the social and economic mainstream.

3 – For several decades Germany expected workers from Turkey and elsewhere to leave like polite guests.… Read the rest here

European Common Market

3 Points

1 – Belgium, France, the German Federal Republic, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands are negotiating to establish a common market that would involve the elimination of all barriers to trade between them and the formation of a barrier towards outside countries.

2 – The two traditional policies of the U.S. Government are: the consistent support of actions to further the political and economic strength and unity of Western Europe within an expanding Atlantic community and the long-standing devotion to progress toward multilateral trade and convertibility of currencies.… Read the rest here

Winston Churchill and “The Iron Curtain”

3 Points

1 – The U.S. is at its peak of power and now has a great responsibility to determine the future. One must feel a strong sense of duty and it is necessary to have constancy of mind, persistency, and the simplicity of decision making in determining the future of the English-speaking population.

2 – The fact about the current situation in Europe is that an “iron curtain” has fallen across the continent and the cities behind it are under the Soviet influence and control of Moscow.… Read the rest here

3-2-1 Fascism

3 Points

1: Fascism does not believe in the possibility or the practicality of peace. Those who repudiate peace and have courage to rise up to face war and have the courage to fight, are “stamped with nobility”.

2: Fascism is the complete opposite of Marxist Socialism. Fascism propagates holiness and heroism, therefore, in actions that are not influenced by economic motive. UNlike Marxist Socialism, Fascism does not believe that class wars are the main force in the transformation and change in society.… Read the rest here

Rupert Brooke: War Sonnets

Author – Rupert Brooke was an English poet who was famous for writing during WWI. He had a very brief experience with war, he was part of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve and his sonnets reflect that, conveying general sentiments of purpose and romantic death.

Context – Written in 1914 at the very start of WWI, when there were very enthusiastic and patriotic sentiments about the war and people had not yet become disenchanted with it.… Read the rest here

Sandford on Women

Author – Elizabeth Poole Sandford wrote literature aimed at middle class women.

Context –  “Woman in Her Social and Domestic Character” was written in 1842 and was about the assumptions of the domestic, motherly, and religious duties of the housewife. It was written during the time of the Industrial Revolution, during many technological and social changes.

Language – Her language is clear and she writes in a convincing manner.

Audience – Her audience was middle and upper class men and women.… Read the rest here

Jules Ferry: On French Colonial Expansion

Author – Ferry was a French statesman and republican and was also the prime minister of France from 1880-1881 and again from 1883-1885. He is remembered for his dislike of the power and influence of the Catholic church on education, and he was a strong promoter of the expansion of the French colonial empire.

Context – From the “Speech Before the French Chamber of Deputies, March 28, 1884.” Published during the second wave of the Industrial Revolution.… Read the rest here

Fichte, To the German Nation

I chose the first passage of Johann Gottlieb Fichte’s To the German Nation. He was a great patriot and believed that it was important that the German population embrace their culture. As a reformer and supporter of the French Revolution, he had nationalist ideals and strongly believed that language and history bind a country together.

In the second line he states, “Those who speak the same language are joined to each other by a multitude of invisible bonds by nature herself, long before any human art begins; they understand each other and have the power of continuing to make themselves understood more and more clearly; they belong together and are by nature one and an inseparable whole.” This relates to the topic of nationalism that we have been discussing in class.… Read the rest here

Class Divide: The Bourgeoisie and The Proletariat

From The Communist Manifesto by Marx and Engels, I chose the passage in Chapter 1- Bourgeoisie and Proletariat that reads: “Our epoch, the epoch of the bourgeoisie, possesses, however, this distinct feature: it has simplified class antagonisms. Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other — Bourgeoisie and Proletariat.”

I chose this passage because it speaks about the class divide and struggle that we have encountered in various readings.… Read the rest here

The Division of Labor

Adam Smith’s Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations was published in 1776, and gives his descriptions of the things that are responsible for helping to build a nations’ wealth at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. The first chapter speaks about the Division of Labor, which Smith states has been the cause of the greatest improvement in the increased productivity of labor. He gives the example of the pin-makers and their ability to increase productivity and output with a division of labor.  … Read the rest here