Einstein’s religious views

“Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind.” This is one of Einstein’s famous quotes on religion. However, it is important to for me to mention that Einstein was not religious in a way most people would think he was. He shared the views of Baruch Spinoza- the 17th century Dutch philosopher. Spinoza believed that God had no personality. He also believed that God, nature and universe are equivalent, and that each person through his actions can have an effect on the others.… Read the rest here

The Triumph of Will

The movie Triumph of the Will depicts the congress of the Nazi in Nuremburg. It was published in 1935 and was created by Leni Riefenstahl.

One of the most important aspects of the films was the way Hitler was presented. The movie definitely manages to capture his charisma. As we have discussed in class, Hitler was, according to some historians as Ian Kershew, a charismatic leader and most of the people were ready to do everything for him.… Read the rest here

The Madness From Within

The main purpose of the documentary The Madness From Within is to explain why the civil war started in Ireland and what were the consequences of it. As a documentary the movie uses a wide range of sources to discuss, and present the Civil war: people who have witnessed the event, historians, professors, and documentary footages from the event.

For me it was interesting that the documentary involved opinions of both people who are anti-treaty and pro-treaty proponents, which in my view makes the movie politically unbiased.… Read the rest here

Surrealism and the movie Un Chein Andalou

Written in 1925 by André Breton, the first Surrealist manifesto consists of 9 points which tells us that the purpose of surrealism is to repudiate all existing norms of thinking and of perceiving the world; to “make a Revolution”. And clearly the purpose of the whole movement is to promote the idea that the subconscious mind is more important than the rational, conscious mind.

Created by the Spanish director Luis Bunuel and the artist Salvador Dali, the movie Un Chein Andalou embodies the ideas of the Surrealist movement, and clearly is something revolutionary.… Read the rest here

Eugenics in Germany

This poster shows Nazi’s eugenics propaganda. When in 1933 Adolf Hitler came in power, he started to imply his own vision about race in German society. He believed in the Aryan race, which he claimed if “purified” will become the ruling race of the world.

This poster shows three handicapped children and puts the question “Who would want to be responsible for this? “ The poster was part of the sterilization campaign that was going on in Germany during the rule of Adolf Hitler.… Read the rest here

Mazower’s Dark Continent compared to Eisenstein’s October

                                                               Martin Zahariev

Throughout the human history there were revolutions which affected the political climate, brought progress and changes- positive, and negative. One of the most important of them, which broke out in the 20th century was the October revolution. The movie October: Ten Days That Shook the World (1928) by Sergei Eisenstein, and the Mark Mazower’s Dark Continent: Europe’s Twentieth Century present this event in two different ways.

                The first one is a Russian propaganda movie created by Eisenstein for a specific audience- the people from the Soviet Union.Read the rest here