Marx: We are gathered here today to discuss our current economic, political, and social situation.
Smith: Politics? Social situation? I’m only here to talk about economics….
Marx: Well Smith when you improve the lives of citizens, and arrange politics so that it will benefit the people, economics will also improve.
Smith: Marx I’d have to disagree. You must first improve the economy in order to improve the lives of citizens.
Marx: But Smith the history of all societies has always been a struggle between classes: the struggle between the oppressed and the oppressor!… Read the rest here
In both the American and French revolutionary doctrines, the goal is to inspire and rouse a nation into rebellion. In order to complete such a monumental task, the authors center their declarations on the idea that citizens’ natural and “inalienable” rights are being taken away by the current government. In both the Declaration of Independence and The Declaration of the Rights of Man, natural rights are defined as god-given life, property, and liberty. Both doctrines emphasize that liberty lies in the insurance of safety and happiness of every man.… Read the rest here
Thomas More’s Utopia and Plato’s The Republic both address morality in the context of ideal civilizations. Similarities arise when each novel describes its people, and how they come to be functioning and ideal members of Utopia or the perfect State. Each author describes some sort of conditioning process that each society’s residents must go through. However, Plato’s subjects are closely inculcated with specific information and preplanned cultural influences from birth; thus, they know nothing other than their enforced goodness. … Read the rest here
More and Plato have similar ideas on how one lives a virtuous life, but their reasons for encouraging their own versions of morality come from two different viewpoints. More encourages following God’s will, and ethics, while Plato praises balance for the common good; although both authors seek order and harmony for the citizens of their utopias, especially through knowledge, their differing inspirations for writing may be why their basis for pursuing virtue is inconsistent. Perhaps Plato puts more responsibility on the individual’s ability to shape society because of the disastrous results of group think, and mob mentality which led to the execution of his teacher Socrates.… Read the rest here