This article starts from the tale of an indigenous child pointing “straight to the moon“. He has the highest grades and the possibility to migrate to the city where schools and sanitary conditions are better. But, according to statistics, being smart and lucky is not enough in Peru.
This story is the pretext to describe the huge contradictions characterizing today’s Peru. Peru is considered as one of the fastest growing economies in the world with a 9.8% GDP growth in 2008 and a 6.3% last year. It has been recently classified by the World Bank as an “upper-middle-income economy.”
But those stunning averages hide a society divided by a huge gap between “haves and have not” which has the shapes of a racial and minorities gap. The right to health, unpolluted environment and education is not guaranteed equally to everyone and the consequences, beside the moral side, are mainly economical.
This article reveals not only how far GDP is from being a measure of well being, but also that GDP is not even a reliable proxy for the long-term development of a country. Equality in the access to education, health and environment are the prerequisites to enter in a good development path and to avoid a poverty trap, but GDP does not account for any of them.