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Primary Sources:

“Patton’s “Blood and Guts” Speech.” History. June 07, 2018. Accessed November 20, 2018.


Roosevelt, Franklin D. “Inaugural Addresses of the Presidents of the United States: From George Washington 1789 to George Bush 1989.” The Avalon Project – Laws of War: Laws and Customs of War on Land (Hague IV); October 18, 1907. Accessed December 14, 2018.


Whitaker, Morgan. “Here’s What President George W. Bush Said in His First Inauguration Speech.” February 23, 2017. Accessed December 14, 2018.


Wilson, Woodrow. “Wilsons War Message to Congress.” World War I Document Archive. April 2, 1917. Accessed December 16, 2018.


General James Rusling, “Interview with President William McKinley,” The Christian Advocate 22 January 1903, 17. Reprinted in Charles Sumner Olcott, The Life of William McKinley, Volume 2 (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1916), 109-111.


Charles A. Lindbergh, address delivered at the America First Committee meeting in New York City, April 23, 1941. Available online via Teaching American History,


Truman, Harry S. “Recall of General MacArthur” Great Neck Publishing

Ipswich MA 01983


Johnson, Lyndon B, “Gulf of Tonkin Incident” Speech, EBSCOhost,




Eidenmuller, Michael E. Top 100 Speeches of the 20th Century – American Rhetoric. Accessed December 18, 2018.


Lyndon B. Johnson


Secondary Sources:


Brittonw, Gregory. “SEPTEMBER 11, AMERICAN ‘EXCEPTIONALISM’ AND THE WAR IN IRAQ.” Australasian Journal of American Studies 25, no. 1 (2006): 125-41.


Foot, Rosemary. “Exceptionalism Again: The Bush Administration, the “Global War on Terror” and Human Rights.” Law and History Review 26, no. 3 (2008): 707-25.


Hoffman, Stanley. “American Exceptionalism: The New Version.” In American Exceptionalism and Human Rights, edited by Ignatieff Michael, 225-40. PRINCETON; OXFORD: Princeton University Press, 2005. doi:10.2307/j.ctt7skx6.10.


HODGSON, GODFREY. “From Civil War to Cold War.” In The Myth of American Exceptionalism, 62-98. New Haven; London: Yale University Press, 2009.


Koh, Harold Hongju. “America’s Jekyll-and-Hyde Exceptionalism.” In American Exceptionalism and Human Rights, edited by Ignatieff Michael, 111-44. PRINCETON; OXFORD: Princeton University Press, 2005. doi:10.2307/j.ctt7skx6.7.

Lipset, Seymour Martin. American Exceptionalism: A Double-edged Sword. New York: W.W. Norton, 1996.


Litke, Justin B. “The Problem of American Exceptionalism.” In Twilight of the Republic: Empire and Exceptionalism in the American Political Tradition, 5-22. University Press of Kentucky, 2013.


Patman, Robert G. “Globalisation, the New US Exceptionalism and the War on Terror.” Third World Quarterly 27, no. 6 (2006): 963-86.


Restad, Hilde Eliassen. American Exceptionalism: An Idea That Made a Nation and Remade the World. London: Routledge, 2017.


Pease, Donald E. The New American Exceptionalism. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2010.