How do national and international factors interact in empowering some states of the Global South to make more progress toward the UN Sustainable Development Goals than other states?
There are a few reasons that some states have been able to make more progress toward the UN Sustainable Development Goals than others. One that seemed most prevalent was corruption. When discussing other countries with my peers, it seemed that the presence of corruption in government and other institutions was one of the main hindrances toward different countries’ progress toward the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Countries like Algeria and Bangladesh, for example, have made little progress toward the goals due to corruption. The country I researched, Turkiye, suffers from corruption in the current administration due to the lack of checks and balances on power. As such, it has been made much more difficult for Turkiye to make progress toward Goal 16, for example. On the other hand, countries like Singapore that have put various measures in place to combat corruption have been able to make more strides toward the goals.
International factors are also important to consider as well. For Turkiye, trade is one of the most important parts of the economy, so its trade partnerships affect the country’s ability to make progress toward the goals. I think it is also important for different countries in the Global South to have good relationships with countries making progress toward sustainable development. As more of these connections form, it will incentivize more countries to make progress. One example that I learned about in the other podcasts was the relationship between Singapore and Malaysia with their clean water agreement. As more relationships like this can form, more progress can be made toward the UN Sustainable Development Goals.