“British Move to Solve India Deadlock” (full first three pages)
- Reports on release of political prisoners (including Nehru), the Wavell Plan, the Simla Conference, and India’s reaction to the British actions.
“The League and the Wavell Offer”
- Cites Richard J. Walsh, the Chairman of the Executive Committee, and J.J. Singh’s reactions to the Wavell plan. Both welcome the Nehru’s release, but categorize the new plan as regressive and analogous to the failed 1942 Cripps plan.
“India at San Francisco” (full front-page, continued on inside)
India Today, Vol. 6, No. 2, May 1945
“Franklin D. Roosevelt”
India Today, Vol. 6, No. 1, April 1945
Full page on “India and San Francisco Conference,” denouncing the appointment Sir Ramaswami Mudaliar, Sir Firoz Khan Noon and Sir V.T. Krisnamachari as the Indian delegates to the conference.
- The India League sent the Secretary of State a resolution expressing this sentiment, stating: “we share in the protests already voiced in India against the choice of three delegates from India who in no sense represent the people of the country but are merely appointed by the foreign power which rules them.”
Full page on “Indian Newspaper Correspondents and San Francisco,” reporting on how the British Government rescinded their original ban on the attendance of Indian correspondents due to “the pressure of public opinion both in this country and in India.”
- On April 16, J.J. Singh sent a telegram to the Secretary of State, which read: “As an American organization, believing in freedom of the press, we are greatly disturbed to learn…that the Indian Government has required the three Indian newspaper correspondents who were selected by the All India Newspaper Editors’ Conference, to abandon their plans of going to San Francisco.”
“Mrs. Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit”
- Documents Pandit’s engagements from her attendance of the Conference of the Institute of Pacific Relations at Hot Springs, VA from January 6-16, to her reception in New York City Hall by Mayor Fiorello H. LaGuardia on January 18, to a January 27 White House lunch with Eleanor Roosevelt.
(February commitments in following issue)
“India Leader Arrives in New York”
- Full, front-page article on Mme. Pandit’s arrival on December 8
- Quotes extensively from a December 10 press conference held by Mme. Pandit in New York.
- Pandit believed that “thousands of American lives would be saved” if the Indian political situation were resolved, because, Pandit argued, Indian soldiers could not be fully committed to a government that did not consist of Indians and therefore did not fight to their fullest capacity against the Japanese in Burma.
“India Leader to Visit U.S.”
- Reports that Mrs. Vijayalakshmi Pandit was about to embark on a 3 month trip to the United States to visit her daughters at Wellesley College and attend the January conference of the Institute of Pacific Relations in January. Describes Pandit’s many political accomplishments.
- In a footnote, notes that “Pandit” is “both a title and a surname.”
“Ambassador William Phillips”
- Documents the Drew Pearson’s leak of the report William Phillips wrote for President Roosevelt at the end of his mission to India from July 25 (the original publication) to September 9 (a Pearson column reflecting the views of Far East Expert for the State Department, John P. Davis, Jr.).
- Analysis: “Anglo-American relations with respect to the Indian political deadlock seemed to be approaching a climax during the last few weeks. A swift succession of charges and counter-charges in the Press and in Congress culminated in the report that President Roosevelt would confront Prime Minister Churchill at Quebec with a demand for an immediate settlement in India.”
League’s National Advisory Board
July 1944, vol. 5, no. 4
“U.S. Stands For Liberty For All”
India Today, Vol. 5, No. 3, June 1944
- In an article in a pamphlet issued by the American Council, Institute of Pacific Relations, Vice-President Henry Wallace wrote: “it is to our interest to approve and cooperate with all trend which lead toward our own standard of government of the people, by the people and for the people. The American trend and instinct is marked by our record in the Philippines.”
- In a June 2 press conference, Secretary of State Cordell Hull stated: “In keeping with the policy of the United States for 150 years, the international organization will be constructed on the principle of sovereign equality of all nations–big and little, weak and strong.”