Warning: Unknown: Unable to allocate memory for pool. in Unknown on line 0 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 21 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 22 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 30 Warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-includes/pomo/mo.php on line 10 Warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-includes/pomo/translations.php on line 10 Warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-includes/pomo/mo.php on line 11 Warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-includes/load.php on line 320 Warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-includes/load.php on line 412 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 89 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 93 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 94 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-includes/ms-settings.php on line 14 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-includes/ms-settings.php on line 15 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 115 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 117 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 118 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 119 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 122 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 123 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 124 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 125 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 126 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 127 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 128 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 129 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 130 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 131 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 132 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 133 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 134 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 135 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 136 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 137 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 138 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 139 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 140 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 141 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 142 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-includes/script-loader.php on line 25 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-includes/script-loader.php on line 28 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-includes/script-loader.php on line 31 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-includes/script-loader.php on line 34 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-includes/script-loader.php on line 37 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 143 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 144 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 145 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 146 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 147 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 148 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 149 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 150 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 151 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 152 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 153 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 154 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 158 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 159 Warning: require(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 160 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 171 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-content/mu-plugins/anarchy_media_player.php on line 3 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-content/mu-plugins/anarchy_media/anarchy_media_player.php on line 20 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-content/mu-plugins/anarchy_media/anarchy_media_player.php on line 21 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-content/mu-plugins/anarchy_media/anarchy_media_player.php on line 22 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-content/mu-plugins/anarchy_media/anarchy_media_player.php on line 23 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 171 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 171 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 171 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 179 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 179 Warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-content/plugins/akismet/akismet.php on line 47 Warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-content/plugins/akismet/akismet.php on line 48 Warning: require_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-content/plugins/akismet/akismet.php on line 58 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 179 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 179 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 179 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 179 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 179 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 179 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 179 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 179 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 179 Warning: include_once(): Unable to allocate memory for pool. in /var/www/blogs/wp-settings.php on line 179 Carolus Linnaeus | Romantic Natural History

Carolus Linnaeus is the Latinized form of Carl von Linne, the Swedish botanist whose systems of classification and nomenclature had a revolutionary effect on the study of all living things. He originally intended to become a doctor, but gradually shifted his attention to botany. He went on important botanizing and collecting expeditions to Lapland in 1731 and central Sweden in 1735. His classification system developed during the time that he was restoring the famous botanical garden at Uppsala University and became the basis for almost all subsequent system of nomenclature. Linnaeus clearly believed that his binomial nomenclature was merely revealing the details of an unalterable and divine plan, but the relationships pointed to by his classifications contributed to eventual understanding of the morphological similarities among species while also providing powerful evidence for common origins. He was criticized for the overtly sexual nature of many of his descriptions of plants. One critic responded to a Linnaean description of pollination by claiming that “loathsome harlotry of several males to one female would not have been permitted in the vegetable kingdom by the Creator” (Kastner 34). Others, like Erasmus Darwin, responded with lavish praise: “Linnaeus, the celebrated Swedish naturalist, has demonstrated that all flowers contain families of males or females, or both; and on their marriages has constructed his invaluable system of Botany” (Botanic Garden, “Loves of the Plants, I, 11).

Linnaeus was the first to describe human beings as Homo sapiens (man+wise), and although he criticized any idea that suggested “evolution,” he did argue that humans and chimpanzees shared a genus: Homo troglodytes (man+cave dweller). Most later classifications disagreed that chimps and humans could be so closely related, but recent genetic analysis has proven that the founder of  modern systematic taxonomy was correct. The influence of Linnaeus was fostered by the number and influence of the students he sent around the globe. Here is his description of the whereabouts of his disciples and their botanical activities: “My pupil Sparrman is just gone to visit the Cape of Good Hope. Another of my scholars, Thunberg, is to accompany the Dutch embassy to Japan. The younger Gmelin still remains in Persia. My friend Falk is in Tartary. Mutis is making splendid botanical discoveries in Mexico. Koenig has found many new things in Tranquebar. Professor Frus Rottboll of Copenhagen is publishing the plants found in the Surinam by Rolander” (Kastner 35). Linnaeus’s system and teaching have had a remarkably widespread influence from the 1700s to the present day.

 

Linnaeus links:

 

Homo sapiens (Linnaeus and modern taxonomic classification)

Linnaeus’s classification system

The scandal of the “sexual” system

Tagged with:
 

Comments are closed.