August 8, 1942: Quit India Movement

  • July 14- the Congress Working Committee proposes a civil disobedience movement against British presence in India, though Nehru did not support the campaign (Kux, 23)
  • August 8- the All-India Congress Committee adopts the Quit India resolution in Bombay
  • In response the British Raj imprisoned leaders of the Congress Party; over the duration of the war, the British put more than 100,000 Indians in jail for expressing nationalist fervor (Kux, 23-24)

Kux, Estranged Democracies (1993)

  • Kux describes American bewilderment at the implementation of a civil disobedience movement in the middle of a crucial point in the war (24)

Aldrich, Intelligence and the War Against Japan (2000).

  • The movement made India “a major internal security problem” and therefore a political stability became a focus of OSS reports (135)
  • Marks as the moment when Washington had increasing political interests in India (135)

Hess, America Encounters India (1971)

  • “Roosevelt acquiesced to British policy” (60)
  • Gandhi was rightly concerned with American public opinion as there was an “adverse American press reaction” to the movement. Gandhi appealed directly to Roosevelt in a July 1 letter (68-71)
  • pressure from Chinese government pushed Roosevelt to approach Churchill on the issue, but rather than endorsing Chiang Kai-shek’s plan, Roosevelt merely presents it, giving Churchill an easy opportunity to shoot it down, which Hess thinks is weak (77)

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