The idea of autarky was present throughout all of Europe as each nation was affected by the Great Depression. As the Depression impacted each nation’s economy, a new ideology needed to be introduced to the capitalist society. Individuals were against the rapidly growing materialistic and capitalistic world as it could be the only explanation for the Depression. But how was autarky envisioned in the totalitarian state such as Germany and Italy, alongside the democratic United States? In Schivelbusch’s Three New Deals, autarky can be explained beyond the economic standpoint. ((Wolfgang Schivelbusch, Three New Deals, (New York: Picador, 2006) )).
As the Depression hit, the rush to create a self-sufficient economic was significant. If a nation was unable to support themselves the nation would suffer even more. Regionalism was introduced as well as inner colonization. This inner colonization as Schivelbusch explains brought forward the importance of nationalism. The nation must find opportunities in which individuals could become an nation and develop a sense of national pride. Propaganda and public works projects financed by the state were established to find this national pride within the community. Individuals were brought to live in small communities in where there were able to develop a sense of family within the state.
Establishments of public works projects and state-funded propaganda gave the government a new view of nationalism and the impact it could make to suppress the effects of the Depression. While several of these public works projects failed such as the settlements located on the outskirts of major cities, nations were able to develop a national pride that allowed them to gain strength that was needed in WWII.