Author: Otto von Bismarck, who ruled between 1862 and 1890, helped to unify Germany. He helped to unite the German states with Prussian leadership by initiating wars with Denmark, Austria, and France. 
Context: He wrote this during the time when he was establishing power with Prussia. He began a series of wars in order to establish this Prussian power. He created tension between France and Prussia by editing a telegram to make these countries angry at each other. The French declared war on the Prussians, but the Prussians ended up defeating the French. 
Language: The language that he uses is not highly complex; rather, it is very to the point because he wants others to be able to easily understand him.
Audience: He is writing to the general people of Germany because he wants them to understand what is currently happening. He also addresses the leaders because he wants to stress the importance of having a unified Germany.
Intent: To stress the need of a unified Germany and to explain how he felt that war was inevitable.
Message: He explained how in order for Germany to be very powerful, it was important for Austria and Prussia to be allied.
Why: He wanted the people of Prussia to see what he what he had done for them. Also, he wanted the German states to be unified to create a national identity and to fight against other European states.
Do you think that Otto von Bismarck was effective in attempting to relay his message?