Primary Sources


Ford, Worthington Chauncey, ed. Letters of Henry Adams, 1858-1891.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1938. [Internet Archive]

Levenson, J.C. The Letters of Henry Adams. 6 Vols. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1982-88.  [Google Books: Vol. 3 / Vol. 4]


“Civil Service Reform.” North American Review 109 (October 1869): 443-476. [MoA/CORNELL]

“Henry Adams and Garibaldi, 1860.”  American Historical Review 25 No. 2 (Jan. 1920): 241-255 [JSTOR]

Stegmaier, Mark J., ed. Henry Adams in the Secession Crisis: Dispatches to the Boston Daily Advertiser, December 1860 – March 1861. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2012. [DC LIBRARY ONLINE]


Democracy: An American Novel. 1880. [Project Gutenberg]

Esther: A Novel.  New York. Henry Holt, 1884. [Project Gutenberg]


Mont-Saint Michel and Chartres.  1913. [Project Gutenberg]

The Education of Henry Adams. 1918. [Project Gutenberg]

Selected Reviews of The Education

“The Education of Henry Adams” A Delightful Autobiography.” (New York) The Sun. (December 8, 1918): 11-13, [Chronicling America]

Secondary Sources


Chalfant, Edward.  Both Sides of the Ocean: A Biography of Henry Adams, His First Life, 1838-1862.  Hamden, CT:  Archon Books, 1982. [Print]

Chalfant, Edward.  Better in Darkness: A Biography of Henry Adams, His Second Life, 1862-1891.  Hamden, CT: Archon Books, 1994. [Print]

Chalfant, Edward.  Improvement of the World: A Biography of Henry Adams, His Last Life, 1891-1918. North Haven, CT:  Archon Books, 2001. [Print]

Samuels, Ernest.  Henry Adams.  3 vols. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1948-1964. [Print]

Samuels, Ernest.  Henry Adams. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989. [Google Books]

Collected Essays and Monographs

Contosta, David R. and Robert Mucigrosso, eds. Henry Adams and His World. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1993.  [JSTOR] [Google Books]

Levenson, J.C. The Mind and Art of Henry Adams. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1957.  [Google Books]

Simpson, Brooks D. The Political Education of Henry Adams. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1996.  [Google Books]

Journal Articles

Becker, Carl. “The Education of Henry Adams.” American Historical Review 24 No. 3 (April 1919): 422-434   [JSTOR]

General Context

Foner, Eric. “Politics and Prejudice: The Free Soil Party and the Negro, 1849-1852.” The Journal of Negro History 50 (1965): 239-56. [JSTOR]