Category: Margery Kempe (page 1 of 6)

Caspersen Medieval Map writing

The Evesham Mapamundi puts an emphasis on contemporary architecture(Barber 13-, which my map of 10 of Kempe’s destinations simply doesn’t. (Barber 22, 13,33)This is created through the many buildings, including a castle in Jerusalem, that are present.(Barber 14) It is very possible that this was simply done to make the map appear more interesting for many viewers, but could have also been potentially helpful for travelers. The islands on the Evesham Mappamundi seem to have had a lot of thought put into them, however they don’t seem to be very convincing because of how similar their rectangular shapes are.(Barber 14).The modern map is much more detailed with regards to shape. In addition, there are not any borders between places in Europe or any other of the other continents which is different from my map which has yellow lines depicting borders on the Evesham Map (Barber 14). One of the castles near Jerusalem looks as if it is completely out of proportion because it touches both sides of the small peninsula that it is on (Barber 14) These can point to many things, such as the artist not having gone to any or most of the places that he drew to needing to draw something a certain way at the request of his patron. The artist of the Evesham map was also much more concerned with using colors that popped and kept their viewers’ attention(EBay.com) whereas the map I plotted for my assignment had a more natural color scheme that included a lot of green. The Evesham map does not contain a lot of representation of land being green, which makes me believe that the author’s intention of making this map have enough religious symbolism in order to belong in a church made him in such as spiritual state that there was not a concern for making land on earth look like real land, because heaven was in his eyes the far more important world. What is also very interesting is that Jerusalem’s and Europe’s terrain is the same color, making it seem to viewers that Jerusalem and Europe are naturally similar looking places. Barbar paints the artist as religious so this would make sense(EBay, Barber 22)
The Red sea takes up a lot of space in the Evesham Mappamundi’s upper right corner, which is contrasted with the map that I plotted Kempe’s journey on, not affording it any significance. Like the drawing of Adam and Eve, this was very likely created because of the author’s expression of his devout Christainity, which I believed I discussed in my Medieval Map essay.(Barber 14, 22)The thin border of water, which I assume represents the ocean, shows how the artist for whatever reason wanted to depict the water as something that was under his own control.
As my plotted map only includes the places that Kempe traveled to(Kempe 1-176), it covers a lot less space than the Mappamundi. I also believe that the Evesham Mappamundi makes everything look so nice that it would have been a nod to God for having created the world in the way that it is depicted here. Everything seems to be drawn with so much care as to honor the artist’s maker. (Barber 14)
Works Cited
Barber, Peter. “The Evesham World Map: A Late Medieval English View of God and the World.” Imago Mundi, vol. 47, 1995, pp. 13–33, http://www.jstor.org/stable/1151300. Accessed 28 Apr. 2022.
EBay.com, LARGE HARDBACK MAP THE EVESHAM WORLD MAP 1415 A.D. CELEBRATES ENGLISH COMMERCE, Ebay.com Accessed April 28, 2022,https://www.ebay.com/itm/185377531779?hash=item2b295ca783:g:z7QAAOSwNC5dVr1c
Margery Kempe, the Book of Margery Kempe, translated by BA Windeatt, Peguin Books, 1975

Modern map sources https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ppRhwWdYvRzDDbQpikbEDUpQ2UY-g_uxF1euW8ylhnw/edit?usp=sharing

Margery Kempe Modern Map

 

Margery Kempe Medieval Travel Map Reflection

When I transferred my modern map onto the Hereford Mappamundi, there were many noticeable differences between the two maps. Firstly, the modern map showed accurate terrain and distances between locations, making it easier to understand how long it would take to travel from place to place. The medieval map is a T-O map so it is oriented with Asia at the top. There is no concept of true distance on the medieval map. Since the continents are not accurate in shape or size, the locations Margery traveled to are more abstract and you have to estimate where they would be. There is also a more detail about people that Margery may encounter on her journey, but no details on the terrain. The modern map has lines of latitude and longitude, making it easy to plot points accurately. Additionally, the modern map has many more detailed locations on it whereas the medieval map has set locations. To plot all of the points takes some estimation when the cities are not on the map.

Additionally, on the medieval map is oriented with north to the left and Jerusalem at the center of the map. The modern map which I detailed Margery’s journey on doesn’t have a center because the viewer can orient the map however they wish with the digital viewing technology. Although, it is worth pointing out that most modern maps have Europe at the center- indicating a Euro-centric ideology because Europe is centered in the middle. Similarly, for the Medieval map, Jerusalem is in the center of the map. Clearly, Jerusalem is oriented as the center of the world, emphasizing the importance of Jerusalem in the Christian World. The medieval map also includes other religious locations like the Garden of Eden, located at the very top of the map, clearly indicating that this map was drawn with Christianity as the focus. The modern map, however, is geographically accurate, with no religious motivations at all.

The modern map is in English, making it very easy to locate the ten locations. However, the medieval map is in Norman French and the writing is barely decipherable. Even if I could see the writing, I wouldn’t be able to understand the language. I used the Hereford Map website to help me place my initial locations (Rome, Jerusalem, and Venice). I then estimated where the other locations would be based on a modern map, estimating proximity and location.

The Hereford Mappamundi would be virtually useless to a traveler like Margery, unlike the modern map. The medieval map offers no real references for time and distance, and is not even an accurate representation of the shapes and and continents. Actually using a map like the Hereford map would lead to a very confusing journey, because there is no indication of distance and terrain. Traveling with a map, or even looking at it before the journey, would offer very little, if any, insight into how long and what the journey would look like. Additionally, the Mediterranean is incredibly inaccurate, making it impossible to plan for a sea voyage.

Margery Kempe Medieval Travel Map

Caspersen #5

The Book of Margery Kempe
Location: Her Soul’s Destination
Kempe claims that her relationship with God had reached a level where it merited official recognition and celebration. This wedding, to God, happened somewhere in her spiritual being and Kempe signifies that the love shared between Goof and her had moved to a greater destination (Kempe 175-176). Kempe. Kempe describes the people who came to bear witness to her relationship with God, including Mary, Jesus, many saintly virgins, and each of the apostles (Kempe 175-176). They all show their support for Kempe with their praying for the future of her relationship with God (Kempe 176). Kempe chooses to also give us a glimpse into her emotions when she talks about being awestruck and shy when conversing with God (Kempe 175). Kempe records that changes to her relationship with God caused changes to her senses. Kempe began to smell something so perfectly sweet that it was unrecognizable to her. She seems to have been incredibly impressed by this sensation as it was pleasant enough for her to want it frequently (Kempe 176) She also began to her hear music and noises that affected her ability to communicate with other people as it distracted her; Kempe states that she was more likely to experience the noise when she was currently in the process of worshipping. Kempe also joyfully received these sensations of sounds as joyfully as the delicious smell and claimed that both of them had a beneficial affect on her body (Kempe 176-177) Another of the fantastical things she experiences are displays of beautiful light (Kempe 177). These sensations may show Kempe starting to understand what the afterlife is like; this is because she finds herself pleased with smells that don’t belong to earth and having her hearing other people impeded by something which she attributes to God (Kempe 178). In this way, she may be saying that she is already experiencing heaven while still alive. (Kempe 176-177)
I find the fact that Kempe states Christ views her as both like a wife and a mother figure to be something that probably made more sense during Kempe’s lifetime. This is essentially true as Kempe articulates that God married her but wanted her relationship with him to have aspects that are described as a mother and child form of relationship (Kempe 175,175-179) I also cannot understand how Kempe describes God’s stronger love for her than most of his other followers, and expects readers to just believe her without offering them any solid proof(Kempe 175-179)I believe that it is possible Kempe’s description of Jesus calling her to treat him like a son and a husband is possibly due to common people in her culture not having the vocabulary to talk about love as thoroughly as they wanted to (Kempe 175-179) This could also be a result of a tendency to associate different types of actions displaying love with different relationships. I believe that Kempe may have written about this change in her relationship with God in order to gain attention. This is because it is so different room anything that I have ever heard of someone claim that it seems like she is so desperate for people to people her that she has made up this encounter to be as outlandish as possible. (Kempe 175-179)

Margery Kempe, The Book of Margery Kempe, chapter 35, translated by BA Windeatt, 1985.https://www.ebooks.com/en-us/book/210517733/the-book-of-margery-kempe/margery-kempe/

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