Secondary Sources

This is my working secondary source reading list – works already read (in part or in full) or works that I’m currently in the process of reading are marked with an asterisk. Any suggestions for further reading materials would be greatly appreciated. Page will be updated periodically.

* Bacote, Clarence A. “The Negro in Atlanta Politics.” Pylon 16 (Fourth Quarter, 1955): 333-50.

* Bauerlein, Mark. Negrophobia: A Race Riot in Atlanta, 1906. San Francisco: Encounter Books, 2001.

Becker, William H. “The Black Church: Manhood and Mission.” In African-American Religion: Interpretative Essays in History and Culture, edited by Timothy E. Flop and Albert J. Robteau, 190-99. New York: Rutledge, 1997.

Bedermen, Gail. “’The Women Have Had Charge of the Church Work Long Enough’: The Men and Religion Forward movement of 1911-1912 and the Masculinization of Middle-Class Protestantism.” American Quarterly 41 (September 1989): 432-65.

Beito, David T. From Mutual Aid to the Welfare State: Fraternal Societies and Social Services, 1890-1967. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

* Blocker, Jack S. American Temperance Movements: Cycles of Reform. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1989.

* Bordin, Ruth. Woman and Temperance: The Quest for Power and liberty, 1873-1900. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 990.

Brawley, Benjamin. History of Morehouse College. Atlanta: Morehouse College, 1917.

Carnes, Mark C. “Middle Class Men and the Solace of Fraternal Ritual.” In Meanings for Manhood: Constructions of Masculinity in Victorian American, edited by Mark C. Carnes and Clyde Griffen, 37-66. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.

* Carlson, Douglas W. “‘Drinks He to His Own Undoing’: Temperance Ideology in the Deep South.” Journal of the Early Republic 18 (winter 1998): 659– 91.

* Coker, Joe L. Liquor in the Land of the Lost Cause: Southern White Evangelicals and the Prohibition Movement. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2007.

* Crowe, Charles. “Racial Violence and Social Reform: Origins of the Atlanta Riot of 1906.” Journal of Negro History 53 (July 1968): 234-56.

Cullen, Jim. ‘I’s a man Now:’ Gender and African American Men.” In Divided Houses: Gender and the Civil War, edited by Catherine Clinton and Nina Silber, 76-91. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

* Denmark, Lisa L. “Worshipping Bacchus: Prohibition in Savannah, 1899-1922.” Law,  Crime and History (2011).

* Dittmer, John. Black Georgia in the Progressive Era, 1900– 1920. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1977.

* Dorsey, Allison. To Build Our Lives Together: Community Formation in Black Atlanta, 1875-1906. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2004.

Dickerson, Dennis C. Religion, Race and Region: Research Notes on AME Church History. Nashville: AMEC Sunday School Union/Legacy Pub, 1995.

Epstein, Barbara Leslie. The Politics of Domesticity: Women, Evangelism, and Temperance in Nineteenth-Century America. Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press, 1981.

* Eskew, Glenn T. “Black Elitism and the Failure of Paternalism in Postbellum Georgia: The Case of Bishop Lucius Henry Holsey.” Journal of Southern History 58 (November 1992): 637– 66.

* Fahey, David N. Temperance and Racism: John Bull, Johnny Reb, and the Good Templars. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1996.

Fletcher, Holly Berkley. Gender and the American Temperance Movement of the Nineteenth-Century. New York: Rutledge, 2007.

Fredrickson, George M. The Black Image in the White Mind: The Debate on Afro-American Character and Destiny, 1817– 1914. New York: Harper and Row, 1971.

* Frost, Dan R. Thinking Confederates: Academia and the Idea of Progress in the New South. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2000.

Gaston, Paul M. The New South Creed: A Study in Southern Mythmaking. New York: Knopf, 1970.

Gatgewood, Willard B. Aristocrats of Color: The Black Elite, 1880-1920. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.

Ginzberg, Lori. Women and the Work of Benevolence: Morality, Politics and Class in the Nineteenth Century United States. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990.

* Gordon, Lynn D. “Race Class, and the Bonds of Womanhood at Spelman Seminary, 1881-1923.” History of Higher Education Annual 9 (1989): 7-32

Grantham, Dewey W. Hoke Smith and the Politics of the New South. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1958.

Guy, Sheftall, Beverly. Daughters of Sorrow: Attitudes towards Black women, 1880-1920. Brooklyn: Carlson Publishing, Inc. 1990.

*Hardesty, Nancy A. “‘The Best Temperance Organization in the Land’: Southern Methodists and the WCTU in Georgia.” Methodist History 28 (April 1990): 187– 94.

* Herd, Denise. “Ambiguity in Black Drinking Norms: An ethnohistorical interpretation.” In The American Experience with Alcohol: Contrasting Cultural Perspectives, edited by Linda A. Bennett and Genevieve M. Ames, 149-70. New York: Plenum Press, 1985.

* Herd, Denise. “Prohibition, Racism and Class Politics in the Post-Reconstruction South.” Journal of Drug Issues 13 (1983): 77-94.

* Higginbotham, Evelyn Brooks. Righteous Discontent: The Women’s Movement in the Black Baptist Church, 1880-1920. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993.

Holmes, William F. “Moonshining and Collective Violence: Georgia, 1889– 1895.” American History 67 (December 1980): 589– 611.

Hopkins, Richard “Status, Mobility and the Dimensions of Change in a Southern City: Atlanta 1870-1910.” In Cities in American History ed. Kenneth T. Jackson and Stanley K. Schultz, 216-31. New York: Knopf, 1972.

* Hornsby, Alton, Jr. A Short History of Black Atlanta, 1847-1990. Atlanta: APEX Museum, 2003.

* Hunter, Tera W. To ‘Joy My freedom: Southern Baptist Women’s Lives and Labors after the Civil War. Cambridge: MA: Harvard University Press, 1997.

* Jewell, Joseph O. Race, Social Reform and the Making of a Middle Class: The American Missionary Association and Black Atlanta, 1870-1900. Latham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, INC. 2007.

*Keire, Mara L. For Business & Pleasure: Red Light Districts and the Regulation of Vice in the United States, 1890-1933. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010.

Lerda, Valeria Gennaro. “The Woman’s Christian Temperance Union Reform Movement in the South in the Late Nineteenth Century.” In Religious and Secular Reform in America: Ideas, Beliefs, and Social Change, ed. David K. Adams and Cornelis A. Van Minnen, 159– 78. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1999.

Lincoln, C. Eric and Lawrence H. Mamiya. The Black Church in the African American Experience. Durham: Duke University.

Link, William A. The Paradox of Southern Progressivism, 1880– 1930. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992.

* Mann, Harold W. Atticus Greene Haygood: Methodist Bishop, Editor, and Educator. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1965.

Martin, Sandy Swayne. “The American Baptist Home Mission Society and Black Higher Education in the South, 1865-1920.” Foundations 24 (1981) 310-27.

McPherson, James. “The New Puritanism: Values and Goals of Freedmen’s Education in America.” In The University in Society, vol. 2, ed. By Lawrence Stone, 611-39. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974.

* Meier, August and David Lewis. “History of the Negro Upper Class in Atlanta, Georgia, 1890-1958.” Journal of Negro Education 28 (Spring 1959): 128-39.

* Moore, John Hammond. “The Negro and Prohibition in Atlanta, 1886-1887.” Southern Atlantic Quarterly 69 (1970): 38-57.

* Morone, James A. Hellfire Nation: The Politics of Sin in American History. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2003

Muraskin, William A. Middle Class Blacks in a White Society: Prince Hall Freemasonry in America. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975.

Murdock, Catherine Gilbert. Domesticating Drink: Women, Men, and Alcohol in America, 1870– 1940. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.

Neal, Anthony W. Unburdened by Conscious: A Black People’s Collective Account of America’s Antebellum South and the Aftermath. Lanham: University Press of America, 2010.

Newman, Harvey K. “Decatur Street: Atlanta’s African American Paradise Lost.” Atlanta History 44 (Summer 2000): 5-13.

Newman, Louise. White Women’s Rights: Racial Origins of Feminism in the United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Nisbett, Richard E., and Dov Cohen. Culture of Honor: The Psychology of Violence in the South. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1996.

* Okrent, Daniel. Last Call: The Rise and Fall of Prohibition. New York: Scribner, 2010.

* Parker, David B. “‘Quit Your Meanness’: Sam Jones’s Theology for the New South.” Georgia Historical Quarterly 77 (Winter 1993): 711– 27.

* Parsons, Elaine Frantz. Manhood Lost: Fallen Drunkards and Redeeming Women in the Nineteenth Century United States. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.

* Pinar, William F. “White Women and the Campaign against Lynching: Frances Willard, Jane Addams Jesse Daniel Ames.” Counterpoints 163 (2001): 487-554.

Rabinowitz, Howard N. “The Conflict between Blacks and the Police in the Urban South, 1865-1900.” In Race, Ethnicity, and Urbanization: Selected Essay, ed. By Rabinowitz, 167-80. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1994.

* Read, Florence. The Story of Spelman College. Atlanta, 1961.

Reed, Ralph E., Jr. “Emory College and the Sledd Affair of 1902: A Case Study in Southern Honor and Racial Attitudes.” Georgia Historical Quarterly 72 (fall 1988): 463– 92.

* Roberts, Samuel K. In the Path of Virtue: The African Moral Tradition. Cleveland: The Pilgrim Press, 1999.

* Rohrer, James. “The origins of the Temperance Movement: A Reinterpretation,” Journal of American Studies 24 (Aug 1990): 228-35.

Roth, Darlene Rebecca. Matronage: Patterns in Women’s Organizations, Atlanta, Georgia, 1890-1940. Brooklyn: Carlson Publishing Inc., 1994.

* Roth, Darlene R. and Louise E. Shaw. Atlanta Women From Myth to Modern Times. Atlanta: Atlanta Historical Society. 1981.

* Shadgett, Olive Hall. The Republican Party in Georgia: From Reconstruction through 1900. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1964.

* Smith, Jennifer Lund. “The Ties that Bind: Educated African American Women in Post-Emancipation Atlanta.” In Georgia in Black and White: Explorations in the Race Relations of a Southern State, 1865-150. Ed by John C. Inscoe, 91-105. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1994.

Smith, Mary Jane. “Constructing Womanhood in Public: Progressive White Women in a New South.” PhD diss., Louisiana State University, 2002.

Smith, H. Shelton. In His Image, But: Racism in Southern Religion, 1780– 1910. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1972.

* Smith, Ron and Mary O. Boyle. Prohibition in Atlanta: Temperance, Tiger Kings and White Lightning. Charleston: American Palate, 2015.

Schultz, Stanley K. “Temperance Reform in the Antebellum South: Social control and Urban Order.” South Atlantic Quarterly, 83 (1984): 323-339.

Sprull, Marjorie Julian, Valinda W. Littlefield, and Joan Marie Johnson. South Carolina Women: Their Lives and Times, volume 2. Athens: The University of Georgia Press, 2010.

* Summers, Martin. Manliness and Its Discontents: The Black Middle Class and the Transformation of Masculinity, 1900– 1930. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.

Taylor, Antoinette Elizabeth. “The Last Phase of the Woman Suffrage Movement in Georgia.” Georgia Historical Quarterly 43 (March 1959): 11– 28.

* Thompson, H. Paul, Jr. A Most Stirring and Significant Episode: Religion and the Rise and Fall of Prohibition in Black Atlanta, 1865-1887. DeKalb: NIU, 2013.

* Thompson, Harold Paul. “Race, Temperance, and Prohibition in the Postbellum South: Black Atlanta, 1865-1890.” PhD diss., Emory University, 2005.

Towns, George A. “The Sources of Tradition of Atlanta University.” Pylon 3 (Second Quarter 1942): 117-134.

* Tyler, Alice Felt. Freedom’s Ferment: Phases of American Social History to 1860. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1944.

* Tyrrell, Ian R. Sobering Up: From Temperance to Prohibition in Antebellum America, 1800– 1860. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1979.

Walton, Hanes Jr. “Another Force for Disfranchisement: Blacks and the Prohibitionists in Tennessee.” Journal of Human Relations 18 (1970): 728-38.

Warnock, Henry Y. “Andrew Sledd, Southern Methodists, and the Negro: A Case History.” Journal of Southern History 31 (August 1965): 251– 71.

* Watts, Eugene J. “Black Political Progress in Atlanta, 1868-1895.” Journal of Negro History 59 (July 1974): 268-86.

Watts, Eugene J. “The Police in Atlanta, 1890-1905.” Journal of Southern History 39 (May 1973): 165-82.

Wheeler, Edward L. Uplifting the Race: The Black Minister in the New South, 1865. Lanham: University press of America, Inc, 1986.

* Welter, Barbara. “The Cult of True Womanhood.” American Quarterly 18, no. 2 (Summer 1966): 151-174

* White, Walter. Rope and Faggot: A Biography of Judge Lynch. New York: Arno Press, 1969.

Woodward, Vann C. Origin of the New South 1877—1913. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1971.

* Wright, James M. The License System of the City of Atlanta. Atlanta: Harper Publishing Co, 1964.

* Yacocene, Donald. “The Transformation of the Black Temperance Movement, 1827-1854: An Interpretation.” Journal of the Early Republic 8 (Fall 1988): 281-97.