Volume 21, 2014
Bhikkhave and Bhikkhu as Gender-inclusive Terminology in Early Buddhist Texts
York St John University
University of Hamburg
In what follows we examine whether the use of the vocative bhikkhave or the nominative bhikkhu in Buddhist canonical texts imply that female monastics are being excluded from the audience. In the course of exploring this basic point, we also take up the vocative of proper names and the absence of the term arahantī in Pāli discourse literature.