What is Enlightenment

Kant writes that the motto of enlightenment is “Have the courage to use your own reason!”.  He also states the main detractors to this statement are mans tendencies towards “laziness and cowardice”.  Man has a tendency to fall back on what is easiest, and trying to find enlightenment is certainly not easy.  Instead it is easier to “have a book which understands for me, a pastor who has a conscience for me, a physician who decides my diet, and so forth”.  … Read the rest here

Enlightenment Viewpoints of Locke and Frederick II

Amongst other ideas, the Enlightenment focused on the role of developing the individual apart from the structured of society of the past. Not only does this include the leadership, but in addition the ways to implement a civil society. Both John Locke and Frederick II suggested ideas for monarchy reform in order to instate individual freedoms for the people. In the case of Locke, he contradicted the concept of patriarchalism, which defends the absolute power of the monarchy.… Read the rest here

The Enlightenment

The Enlightenment is the release of individual’s opinions and expressions, or as Immanuel Kant puts it, “man’s release from his self-incurred tutelage.”  Kant states that since most of the population has submitted themselves to “guardians [that] have first made their domestic cattle dumb…” most of the population’s competence is therefore laden with “laziness and cowardice”.  If the masses are given freedom, “enlightenment is almost sure to follow”, in addition to the independent thinkers within an  society. … Read the rest here

What is Enlightenment?

According to Kant, enlightenment can be attained when man releases his “self-incurred tutelage”. Kant defines tutelage as laziness and cowardice, which man must free himself of. He also believes that tutelage is “almost [man’s] nature”, so man must break away from his natural instincts. He thinks that man must have the courage to use his own reason, and be able to abandon his cowardice. There are some principles that are imposed by government that prevent enlightenment.… Read the rest here

Enlightenment: Freedom from Self-Incurred Tutelage

Enlightenment is man’s ability to courageously use his own reason as the guiding force of his understanding without the interference of another. However, Immanuel Kant observes that the majority of the population is restrained from this ability to think rationally and freely as a result of laziness and cowardice. Kant believes that man remains captive by his own self-incurred tutelage and escaping this tutelage is incredibly difficult; only a handful of individuals have successfully broken free.… Read the rest here

What is Enlightenment?

According to Immanuel Kant, “Enlightenment is a man’s release from his self-incurred tutelage”, which is ones inability to make use of his knowledge without instruction from others. The motto of Enlightenment is “Have courage to use your own reason”.  The main reasons why mankind is unable to trust in their own reason and must have assurance from an outside source in order to validate their thoughts are laziness and cowardice. Once a person is mature and is able to freely form their own thoughts and opinions, they are enlightened, so long as they have the ability to to express those thoughts without distraction.… Read the rest here


In short, enlightenment is achieved through the liberation of the imagination. It occurs when one abandons their pre-conceived notions of established truth and distances oneself from foreign influence to attempt to produce entirely original, progressive ideas. In order to do this Kant claims you must, “…have courage to use your own reason”, and be unafraid of failure. Enlightenment is an individualistic movement—It cannot be obtained by relying on others, and according to Kant, one must free themselves of previous impressions and political barriers.… Read the rest here


Enlightenment is man’s release from his self-incurred tutelage.” In Kant’s understanding of enlightenment, tutelage is utilized as a kind of instruction or authority imposed on man. This tutelage then becomes the primary enforcer of man’s thoughts and actions with respect to the world around him. Kant uses the term self-incurred to illustrate the ways in which men voluntarily succumb to tutelage and therefore surrender their individuality out of mere laziness, for it is far easier and secure to leave decisions and actions to others.… Read the rest here