Volume 12, 2005
Buddhism and Death: The Brain-Centered Criteria
John-Anderson L. Meyer
University of Hawai’i
This essay explores the two main definitions of human death that have gained popularity in the western medical context in recent years, and attempts to determine which of these criteria—“whole-brain” or “cerebral”—is best in accord with a Buddhist understanding of death. In the end, the position is taken that there is textual and linguistic evidence in place for both the “cerebral” and “whole-brain” definitions of death. Because the textual sources underdetermine the definitive Buddhist conception of death, it is left to careful reasoning by way of logic, intuition, and inference to determine which definition of death is best representative of Buddhism.
Volume 8, 2001
Animal Use in Biomedicine: An Annotated Bibliography of Buddhist and Related Perspectives
Bill Slaughter, M.D., M.A.
Volume 3 1996
Buddhism and Bioethics. By Damien Keown. London: Macmillan Press, and New York: St Martin’s Press, 1995, xvi+208 pages, £40 / $50.
Reviewed by James P. McDermott
Volume 2 1995
Buddhism and Medical Ethics: A Bibliographic Introduction
James J. Hughes
University of Chicago
Goldsmiths, University of London
This article provides an introduction to some contemporary issues in medical ethics and the literature which addresses them from a Buddhist perspective. The first part of the article discusses Buddhism and medicine and outlines some of the main issues in contemporary medical ethics. In the rest of the paper three subjects are considered: (1) moral personhood, (2) abortion, and (3) death, dying and euthanasia.