Alexander II issued a document of emancipation for the Russian serfs in 1861. In it, he stipulates that the nobility agreed, for the benefit of their country, to release the serfs from their status at the end of a two year reconstruction period. After serfdom is abolished, the nobles are required to give their former serfs land so that they may continue to earn a living.
This document echoed the Enlightenment principles of the former reformist monarchs.… Read the rest here
The women’s double burden of simultaneously juggling their working life with their domestic lives has not improved much since 1936 in Russia. Up until the late 1970s, women practically had twice the workload as men. In the 1930s, the Soviet state basically falsely advertised women’s emancipation by massively increasing women’s participation in the workforce while undermining their facade by cutting wages in half and reversing the importance of the states role in child raising and placed it on the Russian family.… Read the rest here